James Cook was a British explorer, navigator, cartographer, and captain in the British Royal Navy. He made detailed maps of Newfoundland prior to making three voyages to the Pacific Ocean, during which he achieved the first recorded European contact with the eastern coastline of Australia and the Hawaiian Islands, and the first recorded circumnavigation of New Zealand. Cook joined the British merchant navy as a teenager and joined the Royal Navy in 1755. He saw action in the Seven Years' War and subsequently surveyed and mapped much of the entrance to the Saint Lawrence River during the siege of Quebec, which brought him to the attention of the Admiralty and Royal Society. This acclaim came at a crucial moment in his career and the direction of British overseas exploration, and led to his commission in 1766 as commander of HM Bark Endeavour for the first of three Pacific voyages. In these voyages, Cook sailed thousands of miles across largely uncharted areas of the globe.
|Born:||7 November [O.S. 27 October]1728, Marton, Yorkshire, England|
|Died:||February 14, 1779, Kealakekua Bay, Hawaii|
|Cause of death:||Stab wound|
|Education:||Postgate School, Great Ayton|
|Occupation:||Explorer, navigator, cartographer|
|Title:||Captain (Royal Navy)|
|Parent(s):||James Cook, Grace Pace|
About Captain James Cook
British explorer who mapped the South Pacific, including Australia's eastern coastline and Hawaii. He also completed the first recorded expedition around New Zealand.
He spent three years in a merchant navy apprenticeship, studying mathematics and astronomy.
His life ended when he attempted his second voyage to Hawaii.
He married his mentor's daughter, Elizabeth Batts, in 1762 and he had six children.
William Penn's father was also a member of the Royal Navy.
Information related to James Cook
- James Cook Category
- New Zealand places named by James Cook
- Australian places named by James Cook - This is a list of Australian places named by James Cook. James Cook was the first navigator to chart most of the Australian east coast, one of the last major coastlines in the world unknown to Europeans at the time.
- European and American voyages of scientific exploration - The era of European and American voyages of scientific exploration followed the Age of Discovery and were inspired by a new confidence in science and reason that arose in the Age of Enlightenment.
- Exploration of the Pacific - Polynesians reached nearly all the Pacific islands by about 1200 AD, followed by Asian navigation in Southeast Asia and West Pacific. Around the Middle Ages Muslim traders linked the Middle East and East Africa to the Asian Pacific coasts.
- Death of Cook (paintings).
- Explorers of Washington (state)
- British navigators
- Explorers of New Zealand
- Murdered explorers
- Explorers of Oregon
- English explorers of North America
- Explorers of Alaska
- Explorers of British Columbia
- Maritime writers
- 18th-century explorers
- British people murdered abroad
- English cartographers
- British military personnel of the French and Indian War
- Circumnavigators of the globe
- Explorers of Australia
- English sailors
- Explorers of Antarctica
- Recipients of the Copley Medal