Charles Baudelaire

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Poet
QUICK FACTS
Date of Birth April 9, 1821
Place of Birth Paris, France
Date of Death Aug 31, 1867 (46)
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Charles Baudelaire

Charles Pierre Baudelaire was a French poet who also produced notable work as an essayist, art critic, and pioneering translator of Edgar Allan Poe. His most famous work, a book of lyric poetry titled Les Fleurs du mal, expresses the changing nature of beauty in the rapidly industrializing Paris during the mid-19th century. Baudelaire's highly original style of prose-poetry influenced a whole generation of poets including Paul Verlaine, Arthur Rimbaud and Stéphane Mallarmé, among many others. He is credited with coining the term "modernity" to designate the fleeting, ephemeral experience of life in an urban metropolis, and the responsibility of artistic expression to capture that experience.

Born: Charles Pierre Baudelaire, 9 April 1821, Paris, France
Died: August 31, 1867, Paris, France
Occupation: Poet, art critic, philosopher
Nationality: French
Education: Lycée Louis-le-Grand
Period: 1844–1866
Literary movement: Decadent
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About Charles Baudelaire

Nineteenth-century French prose poet, essayist, translator, and critic associated with the Symbolist and Modernist literary movements. His best-known works include Les Fleurs du mal, Les paradis artificiels, and Le Spleen de Paris.

Before Fame

He studied in Lyon and Paris, but was sent to India in 1841 after his stepfather discovered his reckless behavior regarding prostitutes and over-spending.

Achievement

He translated the poems of Edgar Allan Poe into French.

Family Life

He had a drawn-out affair with Jeanne DuVal and shorter relationships with an actress (Marie Daubrun) and a courtesan (Apollonnie Sabatier). Throughout his life, however, he was most driven by the need for his mother's approval.

Associations

He was a close friend of French painter Edouard Manet, who included Baudelaire's image in his famous Music in the Tuileries painting.

Information related to Charles Baudelaire

  • Épater la bourgeoisie - Épater la bourgeoisie or épater le bourgeois is a French phrase that became a rallying cry for the French Decadent poets of the late 19th century including Charles Baudelaire and Arthur Rimbaud.
  • The Mahogany Tree - The Mahogany Tree was a weekly literary magazine published from January until December 1892. The magazine was based in Boston.
  • Translators of Edgar Allan Poe
  • Poètes maudits
  • English–French translators
  • Sonneteers
  • Symbolist poets
  • French art critics
  • Obscenity controversies in literature
  • Psychedelic drug advocates
  • 19th-century French poets
  • Lycée Louis-le-Grand alumni
  • 19th-century French journalists
  • French male journalists
  • Burials at Montparnasse Cemetery
  • French translators
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Latest information about Charles Baudelaire updated on October 22, 2020.

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