George III was King of Great Britain and King of Ireland from 25 October 1760 until the union of the two countries on 1 January 1801, after which he was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland until his death in 1820. He was concurrently Duke and Prince-elector of Brunswick-Lüneburg in the Holy Roman Empire before becoming King of Hanover on 12 October 1814. He was a monarch of the House of Hanover, but unlike his two predecessors, he was born in Great Britain, spoke English as his first language, and never visited Hanover. George's life and reign, which were longer than those of any of his predecessors, were marked by a series of military conflicts involving his kingdoms, much of the rest of Europe, and places farther afield in Africa, the Americas, and Asia. Early in his reign, Great Britain defeated France in the Seven Years' War, becoming the dominant European power in North America and India.
|Born:||4 June 1738 [ NS ], Norfolk House, St James's Square, London, England|
|Died:||January 29, 1820, Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire, England|
|Burial:||16 February 1820, St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle|
|Issue:||George IV, King of the United Kingdom, Prince Frederick, Duke of York and Albany, William IV, King of the United Kingdom, Charlotte, Princess Royal, Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn, Princess Augusta, Princess Elizabeth, Ernest Augustus, King of Hanover, Prince Augustus Frederick, Duke of Sussex, Prince Adolphus, Duke of Cambridge|
|Father:||Frederick, Prince of Wales|
|Mother:||Princess Augusta of Saxe-Gotha|
About George III
King of Great Britain and Ireland during the late 18th century whose life and reign were longer than those of any previous British monarch. Though he defeated France in the Seven Years' War, he lost Britain's American colonies in the American Revolutionary War.
Became the first British monarch to study science systematically, and along with chemistry and physics, his lessons included astronomy, mathematics, French, Latin, history, music, geography, commerce, agriculture and constitutional law.
He was the first British monarch from the House of Hanover to speak English as his first language.
His younger brother was Prince Edward, Duke of York and Albany.
Henry VIII served as the King of England two centuries before he became king.
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