George Orwell

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Date of Birth June 25, 1903
Place of Birth Motihari, India
Date of Death Jan 21, 1950 (46)
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George Orwell

Eric Arthur Blair, better known by his pen name George Orwell, was an English novelist and essayist, journalist and critic. His work is characterised by lucid prose, biting social criticism, opposition to totalitarianism, and outspoken support of democratic socialism. As a writer, Orwell produced literary criticism and poetry, fiction and polemical journalism; and is best known for the allegorical novella Animal Farm and the dystopian novel Nineteen Eighty-Four. His non-fiction works, including The Road to Wigan Pier, documenting his experience of working-class life in the north of England, and Homage to Catalonia, an account of his experiences soldiering for the Republican faction of the Spanish Civil War, are as critically respected as his essays on politics and literature, language and culture. In 2008, The Times ranked George Orwell second among "The 50 greatest British writers since 1945".

Born: Eric Arthur Blair, June 25, 1903, Motihari, Bihar, British India, (present-day East Champaran, Bihar, India)
Died: January 21, 1950, University College Hospital, London, England, United Kingdom
Resting place: All Saints' Church, Sutton Courtenay, Oxfordshire, England
Pen name: George Orwell
Occupation: Novelist and essayist, journalist and literary critic
Nationality: English
Alma mater: Eton College
Genre: Dystopia, roman à clef, satire
Subjects: Anti-fascism, anti-Stalinism, democratic socialism, literary criticism, journalism, and polemic
Notable works: Animal Farm, Nineteen Eighty-Four, Homage to Catalonia, Down and Out in Paris and London, The Road to Wigan Pier
Years active: 1928–1950
IMDb: George Orwell's IMDb
iTunes: George Orwell's iTunes

About George Orwell

British dystopian author best known for the novels Nineteen Eighty-Four and Animal Farm. His other works include an acclaimed autobiographical account of the Spanish Civil War and multiple political essays.

Before Fame

He was born in British-controlled India, and he moved to England at the age of one. As a boy, he loved shooting, birdwatching, and fishing.


His writing frequently dealt with political dystopia, threatened individuality, and paranoia.

Family Life

His birth name was Eric Arthur Blair. He and his two sisters were the children of Richard Walmesley Blair and Ida Mabel Blair. He was married to Eileen O'Shaughnessy until her death in 1945. He wed second wife Sonia Brownell in 1949. He fathered one son, Richard Horatio Orwell.


He and H.G. Wells were both prominent British writers of science fiction.

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Latest information about George Orwell updated on December 02, 2020.

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