Henry II, also known as Henry Curtmantle, Henry FitzEmpress or Henry Plantagenet, was King of England from 1154 to his death. He was the first king of the House of Plantagenet. King Louis VII of France made him Duke of Normandy in 1150. Henry became Count of Anjou and Maine upon the death of his father, Geoffrey of Anjou, in 1151. His marriage in 1152 to Eleanor, Duchess of Aquitaine, whose marriage to Louis VII had recently been annulled, made him Duke of Aquitaine. He became Count of Nantes by treaty in 1185. At various times, Henry also partially controlled Scotland, Wales and the Duchy of Brittany. Before he was 40 he controlled England, large parts of Wales, the eastern half of Ireland and the western half of France—an area that would later come to be called the Angevin Empire. Henry became actively involved by the age of 14 in the efforts of his mother Matilda, daughter of Henry I of England, to claim the throne of England, then occupied by Stephen of Blois.
|Junior king:||Henry the Young King|
|Born:||5 March 1133, Le Mans, Maine, Kingdom of France|
|Died:||6 July 1189 (aged 56), Chinon Castle, Chinon, Indre-et-Loire, Kingdom of France|
|Burial:||Fontevraud Abbey, Anjou, France|
|Issue:||Geoffrey, Archbishop of York, William IX, Count of Poitiers, Henry the Young King, Matilda, Duchess of Saxony, Richard I, King of England, Geoffrey II, Duke of Brittany, Eleanor, Queen of Castile, Joan, Queen of Sicily, John, King of England, William, Earl of Salisbury|
|Father:||Geoffrey V, Count of Anjou|
About Henry II Of England
King of England from 1154 until his death whose legal changes laid the basis for the English Common Law. He was notably father of Richard I who was the first monarch of the House of Tudor.
He inherited the throne from his mother, the daughter of King Henry I.
He expanded the English monarchy to Wales, Ireland, and half of France during his reign.
He had eight children, five sons and three daughters, with his wife Eleanor of Aquitaine.
He is the father of King Richard
Information related to Henry II of England
- Henry II of England Category
- Counts of Mortain
- Burials at Fontevraud Abbey
- House of Anjou
- Christianity in medieval Ireland
- Counts of Maine
- Counts of Anjou
- British monarchs buried abroad
- Dukes of Aquitaine
- Dukes of Gascony
- Counts of Poitiers
- House of Plantagenet