Robert Gabriel Mugabe was a Zimbabwean revolutionary and politician who served as Prime Minister of Zimbabwe from 1980 to 1987 and then as President from 1987 to 2017. He served as Leader of the Zimbabwe African National Union from 1975 to 1980 and led its successor political party, the ZANU – Patriotic Front, from 1980 to 2017. Ideologically an African nationalist, during the 1970s and 1980s he identified as a Marxist–Leninist, and as a socialist after the 1990s. His policies have been described as Mugabeism. Mugabe was born to a poor Shona family in Kutama, Southern Rhodesia. Educated at Kutama College and the University of Fort Hare, he worked as a schoolteacher in Southern Rhodesia, Northern Rhodesia, and Ghana. Angered by white minority rule of his homeland within the British Empire, Mugabe embraced Marxism and joined African nationalists calling for an independent state controlled by the black majority.
|Born:||Robert Gabriel Mugabe, February 21, 1924, Kutama, Southern Rhodesia|
|Died:||September 06, 2019, Gleneagles Hospital, Tanglin, Central Region, Singapore|
|Political party:||African National Congress Youth League (1949–1952), National Democratic Party (1960–1961), Zimbabwe African People's Union (1961–1963), Zimbabwe African National Union (1963–1987), Zimbabwe African National Union – Patriotic Front (1987–2017)|
|Children:||4, including Bona|
|Preceded by:||Canaan Banana|
|Succeeded by:||Emmerson Mnangagwa|
About Robert Mugabe
Zimbabwean leader who served as Prime Minister from 1980 to 1987 and as President from 1987 until 2017. He also chaired the Zimbabwe African National Union from 1975 until 1980.
After graduation, he was employed as a lecturer at the Chalimbana Teacher Training College.
The life expectancy of the inhabitants of Zimbabwe declined drastically while he was in office but the country's literacy rate went up.
The third out of six children, his two older brothers both passed away when he was young. He was married to Sally Hayfron from 1961 to 1992. He later married Grace Mugabe in 1996. He had four children.
He met future leader Kenneth Kaunda while studying in South Africa during the early 1950s.
Information related to Robert Mugabe
- Mugabe and the White African (2009 documentary).
- Mugabe's Zimbabwe (2010 documentary).
- People with cataracts
- Zimbabwean Roman Catholics
- African Union chairpersons
- Prisoners and detainees of Zimbabwe
- African revolutionaries
- Prisoners and detainees of Rhodesia
- Secretaries-General of the Non-Aligned Movement
- Shona people
- Presidents of Zimbabwe
- Alumni of Kutama College
- Zimbabwean revolutionaries
- African pan-Africanists
- Zimbabwe African National Liberation Army personnel
- Members of the Order of Jamaica
- Recipients of the Order of José Marti
- University of Fort Hare alumni
- Heads of government of Zimbabwe
- Annulled Honorary Knights Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath
- Rhodesian politicians
- ZANU–PF politicians
- Alumni of Achimota School
- University of South Africa alumni
- International opponents of apartheid in South Africa
- Leaders ousted by a coup
- 21st-century Roman Catholics
- 20th-century Roman Catholics