Albert Einstein was a German-born theoretical physicist who developed the theory of relativity, one of the two pillars of modern physics. His work is also known for its influence on the philosophy of science. He is best known to the general public for his mass–energy equivalence formula E = mc², which has been dubbed "the world's most famous equation". He received the 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics "for his services to theoretical physics, and especially for his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect", a pivotal step in the development of quantum theory. The son of a salesman who later operated an electrochemical factory, Einstein was born in the German Empire but moved to Switzerland in 1895 and renounced his German citizenship in 1896. Specializing in physics and mathematics, he received his academic teaching diploma from the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zürich in 1900. The following year, he acquired Swiss citizenship, which he kept for his entire life.
|Born:||March 14, 1879, Ulm, Kingdom of Württemberg, German Empire|
|Died:||April 18, 1955, Princeton, New Jersey, United States|
|Citizenship:||Subject of the Kingdom of Württemberg during the German Empire (1879–1896), Stateless (1896–1901), Citizen of Switzerland (1901–1955), Austrian subject of the Austro-Hungarian Empire (1911–1912), Subject of the Kingdom of Prussia during the German Empire (1914–1918), German citizen of the Free State of Prussia (Weimar Republic, 1918–1933), Citizen of the United States (1940–1955)|
|Institutions:||Swiss Patent Office (Bern) (1902–1909), University of Bern (1908–1909), University of Zurich (1909–1911), Charles University in Prague (1911–1912), ETH Zurich (1912–1914), Prussian Academy of Sciences (1914–1933), Humboldt University of Berlin (1914–1933), Kaiser Wilhelm Institute (director, 1917–1933), German Physical Society (president, 1916–1918), Leiden University (visits, 1920), Institute for Advanced Study (1933–1955), Caltech (visits, 1931–1933), University of Oxford (visits, 1931–1933)|
|Education:||Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich (Federal teaching diploma, 1900), University of Zurich (Ph.D, 1905)|
|Thesis:||Eine neue Bestimmung der Moleküldimensionen (A New Determination of Molecular Dimensions) (1905)|
|Other academic advisors:||Heinrich Friedrich Weber|
|Known for:||General relativity, Special relativity, Photoelectric effect, E|
|Influences:||Arthur Schopenhauer, Baruch Spinoza, Bernhard Riemann, David Hume, Ernst Mach, Hendrik Lorentz, Hermann Minkowski, Isaac Newton, James Clerk Maxwell, Michele Besso, Moritz Schlick, Thomas Young|
|Influenced:||Virtually all modern physics|
|Notable awards:||Barnard Medal (1920), Nobel Prize in Physics (1921), Matteucci Medal (1921), ForMemRS (1921), Copley Medal (1925), Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society (1926), Max Planck Medal (1929), Member of the National Academy of Sciences (1942), Time Person of the Century (1999)|
|Children:||"Lieserl" Einstein, Hans Albert Einstein, Eduard "Tete" Einstein|
|IMDb:||Albert Einstein's IMDb|
|Rotten Tomatoes:||Albert Einstein's Rotten Tomatoes|
About Albert Einstein
Iconic genius and legendary theoretical physicist who formulated the Theory of Relativity and the mass-energy equivalence formula. Born in Germany, he came to America when Hitler rose to power. He worked on the Manhattan Project, which developed the atomic bomb.
He failed to find a teaching job for two years, and worked as an assistant examiner for patent applications at the Federal Office for Intellectual Property in Bern.
During World War II his name was on a Nazi list of assassination targets, with a $5,000 bounty on his head.
He married Mileva Maric in January 1903, and after their divorce on February 14, 1919, married Elsa Lowenthal on June 2, 1919. He had three children named Lieserl (1902), Hans Albert (1904), and Eduard 'Tete' (1910).
Together with Bertrand Russell, he signed the Russell-Einstein Manifesto, which argued against the use of nuclear weapons.
Information related to Albert Einstein
- Albert Einstein Category
- Albert Einstein House in Princeton.
- Einstein's thought experiments - A hallmark of Albert Einstein's career was his use of visualized thought experiments as a fundamental tool for understanding physical issues and for elucidating his concepts to others. Einstein's thought experiments took diverse forms. In his youth, he mentally chased beams of light.
- Einstein notation - In mathematics, especially in applications of linear algebra to physics, the Einstein notation or Einstein summation convention is a notational convention that implies summation over a set of indexed terms in a formula, thus achieving notational brevity.
- The Einstein Theory of Relativity , an educational film.
- Genius , a television series depicting Einstein's life.
- Heinrich Burkhardt - Heinrich Friedrich Karl Ludwig Burkhardt was a German mathematician. He famously was one of the two examiners of Albert Einstein's PhD thesis Eine neue Bestimmung der Moleküldimensionen.
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