Carolyn Widney Greider is an American molecular biologist and Nobel laureate. She joined the University of California, Santa Cruz as a Distinguished Professor in the department of molecular, cell, and developmental biology in October 2020. Greider discovered the enzyme telomerase in 1984, while she was a graduate student of Elizabeth Blackburn at the University of California, Berkeley. Greider pioneered research on the structure of telomeres, the ends of the chromosomes. She was awarded the 2009 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine, along with Blackburn and Jack W. Szostak, for their discovery that telomeres are protected from progressive shortening by the enzyme telomerase.
|Born||Carolyn Widney Greider, April 15, 1961, San Diego, California, U.S.|
|Institutions||Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, University of California, Santa Cruz|
|Education||University of California, Santa Barbara (B.A. 1983), University of California, Berkeley (Ph.D. 1987)|
|Thesis||Identification of a specific telomere terminal transferase activity in Tetrahymena extracts (1985)|
|Other academic advisors||Beatrice M. Sweeney, David J. Asai, Leslie Wilson|
|Known for||Discovery of telomerase|
|Notable awards||Richard Lounsbery Award (2003), Lasker Award (2006), Louisa Gross Horwitz Prize (2007), Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (2009)|
Molecular biologist who is best known for discovering the enzyme telomerase in 1984. She was awarded the 2009 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for discovering that progressive shortening in telomeres is prevented by the enzyme telomerase.
She grew up in Davis California.
In 2003 she was made a member of both the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and the National Academy of Sciences.
She has two children, Charles and Gwendolyn.
Like James Watson before her she received the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine.
- History of RNA biology - Numerous key discoveries in biology have emerged from studies of RNA, including seminal work in the fields of biochemistry, genetics, microbiology, molecular biology, molecular evolution and structural biology.
- Timeline of women in science - This is a timeline of women in science, spanning from ancient history up to the 21st century.
- Davis Senior High School (California) alumni
- Women Nobel laureates
- Women molecular biologists
- 21st-century biologists
- Recipients of the Albert Lasker Award for Basic Medical Research
- American molecular biologists
- Nobel laureates in Physiology or Medicine
- Members of the National Academy of Medicine
- American Nobel laureates
- University of California, Santa Barbara alumni
- American geneticists
- 21st-century American scientists
Latest information about Carol Greider updated on June 10 2021.