Christopher Columbus was an Italian explorer and colonizer who completed four voyages across the Atlantic Ocean that opened the New World for conquest and permanent European colonization of the Americas. His expeditions, sponsored by the Catholic Monarchs of Spain, were the first European contact with the Caribbean, Central America, and South America. Columbus's early life is somewhat obscure, but scholars generally agree that he was born in the Republic of Genoa and spoke a dialect of Ligurian as his first language. He went to sea at a young age and travelled widely, as far north as the British Isles and as far south as what is now Ghana. He married Portuguese noblewoman Filipa Moniz Perestrelo and was based in Lisbon for several years, but later took a Castilian mistress; he had one son with each woman. Though largely self-educated, Columbus was widely read in geography, astronomy, and history.
|Born:||Before 31 October 1451, Genoa, Republic of Genoa|
|Died:||May 20, 1506 (aged), Valladolid, Castile|
|Resting place:||Seville Cathedral, Seville, Spain|
|Spouse(s):||Filipa Moniz Perestrelo|
|Domestic partner:||Beatriz Enríquez de Arana|
|Parents:||Domenico Colombo, Susanna Fontanarossa|
|Relatives:||Brothers, Giovanni Pellegrino, Giacomo (also called Diego), Bartholomew, Sister, Bianchinetta Columbus|
|Succeeded by:||Francisco de Bobadilla|
About Christopher Columbus
Italian explorer and navigator who, sponsored by the Spanish crown, set out to claim the East Indies. His voyages resulted in Spanish colonization of the American continent, also known as the New World.
He worked as an apprentice of a business agent for prominent Genoan families.
Although he was not the first European explorer to reach the Americas, his voyage initiated Spain's colonization on October 12, 1492.
He married the daughter of the Porto Santo governor Filipa Moniz Perestrelo in 1479. He had two sons named Diego and Ferdinand Columbus.
His four voyages in search of the East Indies were partially inspired by the writings of Marco Polo.
Information related to Christopher Columbus
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- Columbus family
- Italian expatriates in Spain
- 1490s in the Caribbean
- Burials at Seville Cathedral
- Italian explorers of North America
- Colonial governors of Santo Domingo
- History of Hispaniola
- 15th-century Roman Catholics
- 15th-century explorers
- Explorers of Central America
- History of the Caribbean
- 15th-century Italian people