CV Raman

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Date of Birth November 7, 1888
Place of Birth Thiruvanaikaval, India
Date of Death Nov 21, 1970 (82)
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C. V. Raman

Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman was an Indian physicist who made groundbreaking works in the field of light scattering. With his student K. S. Krishnan, he discovered that when light traverses a transparent material, some of the deflected light change wavelength and amplitude. This phenomenon was a new type of scattering of light and was subsequently known as the Raman effect. His works earned him the 1930 Nobel Prize in Physics and was the first non-white, Indian or Asian person to receive a Nobel Prize in any branch of science. Born to Hindu Tamil Brahmin parents, Raman was a precocious child, completing his secondary and higher secondary education from St Aloysius' Anglo-Indian High School at the ages of 11 and 13, respectively. He topped at the University of Madras in physics from Presidency College at age 16. He published his first research paper on diffraction of light in 1906 while still a graduate student. The next year he completed an M.A. degree.

Born: November 7, 1888, Thiruvanaikoil, Madras Presidency, British India, (Tamil Nadu, India)
Died: November 21, 1970, Bangalore, Mysore State, India
Nationality: British subject, Republic of India
Fields: Physics
Institutions: Indian Finance Department, Rajabazar Science College, (University of Calcutta), Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science, Indian Institute of Science, Raman Research Institute
Alma mater: University of Madras (M.A.)
Doctoral students: G. N. Ramachandran, Vikram Ambalal Sarabhai, Shivaramakrishnan Pancharatnam
Other notable students: Kariamanickam Srinivasa Krishnan, K. R. Ramanathan
Known for: Raman effect
Notable awards: Fellow of the Royal Society (1924), Matteucci Medal (1928), Knight Bachelor (1930), Hughes Medal (1930), Nobel Prize in Physics (1930), Bharat Ratna (1954), Lenin Peace Prize (1957)
Spouse: Lokasundari Ammal (1908–1970)
Children: Chandrasekhar Raman and Venkatraman Radhakrishnan

About CV Raman

Indian physicist who received the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1930 for his work on light reflection. He was give the Bharat Ratna, the highest civilian honor in India, in 1954.

Before Fame

He received his education from the University of Madras.


He was given the Lenin Peace Prize in 1957.

Family Life

He was the son of R. Chandrasekhara Iyer and Parvati Ammal.


He was active in India during the same period as Mahatma Gandhi.

Information related to C. V. Raman

  • Coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy - Coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy, also called Coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering spectroscopy, is a form of spectroscopy used primarily in chemistry, physics and related fields.
  • Inverse Raman effect - The inverse Raman effect in optics is a form of Raman scattering. It was first noted by W.J.Jones and B.P. Stoicheff.
  • Journal of Raman Spectroscopy - The Journal of Raman Spectroscopy is a monthly peer-reviewed scientific journal covering all aspects of Raman spectroscopy, including Higher Order Processes, and Brillouin and Rayleigh scattering. It was established in 1973 and is published by John Wiley & Sons.
  • Raman amplification - Raman amplification is based on the stimulated Raman scattering phenomenon, when a lower frequency 'signal' photon induces the inelastic scattering of a higher-frequency 'pump' photon in an optical medium in the nonlinear regime.
  • Raman laser - A Raman laser is a specific type of laser in which the fundamental light-amplification mechanism is stimulated Raman scattering. In contrast, most "conventional" lasers rely on stimulated electronic transitions to amplify light.
  • Raman microscope - The Raman microscope is a laser-based microscopic device used to perform Raman spectroscopy. The term MOLE is used to refer to the Raman-based microprobe. The technique used is named after C. V. Raman who discovered the scattering properties in liquids.
  • Indian crystallographers
  • Raman scattering
  • Indian agnostics
  • Indian Tamil politicians
  • 19th-century Indian physicists
  • Indian quantum physicists
  • Chandrasekhar family
  • Indian Nobel laureates
  • Tamil scientists
  • Recipients of the Bharat Ratna
  • Banaras Hindu University faculty
  • Tamil Nobel laureates
  • Presidency College, Chennai alumni
  • Spectroscopists
  • Indian Institute of Science faculty
  • Nobel laureates in Physics
  • Experimental physicists
  • 20th-century Indian physicists
  • University of Calcutta faculty
  • Indian knights
  • University of Madras alumni
  • Fellows of the Indian National Science Academy
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Latest information about CV Raman updated on November 28, 2020.

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