Diego María de la Concepción Juan Nepomuceno Estanislao de la Rivera y Barrientos Acosta y Rodríguez, known as Diego Rivera, was a prominent Mexican painter. His large frescoes helped establish the mural movement in Mexican and international art. Between 1922 and 1953, Rivera painted murals in, among other places, Mexico City, Chapingo, and Cuernavaca, Mexico; and San Francisco, Detroit, and New York City, United States. In 1931, a retrospective exhibition of his works was held at the Museum of Modern Art in New York; this was before he completed his 27-mural series known as Detroit Industry Murals. Rivera had numerous marriages and children, including at least one natural daughter. His first child and only son died at the age of two. His fourth wife was fellow Mexican artist Frida Kahlo, with whom he had a volatile relationship that continued until her death. He was married a fifth time, to his agent.
|Born:||Diego María de la Concepción Juan Nepomuceno Estanislao de la Rivera y Barrientos Acosta y Rodríguez, December 8, 1886, Guanajuato City, Mexico|
|Died:||November 24, 1957, Mexico City, Mexico|
|Education:||San Carlos Academy|
|Known for:||Painting, murals|
|Notable work:||Man, Controller of the Universe, The History of Mexico, Detroit Industry Murals|
|Spouse(s):||Angelina Beloff (1911–1921), Guadalupe Marín (1922–1929), Frida Kahlo (1929–1939 and 1940–1954, her death), Emma Hurtado (1955–1957, his death)|
|IMDb:||Diego Rivera's IMDb|
About Diego Rivera
Painter associated with the Mexican Mural Movement. He became well known for his frescoes, paintings, and monumental political murals. He painted murals in Mexico City, Chapingo, Cuernavaca, San Francisco, Detroit, and New York City from 1922 until 1953.
He came under the influence of such cubism painters as Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque, practicing the style from 1913 until 1917. He then embraced post-impressionism after coming under the influence of Paul Cezanne in 1917.
His famous mural, History of Mexico, depicted 17 revolutionary figures and was painted on a wall in the courtyard of Mexico City's Palacio Nacional.
His twin brother, Carlos, died at age two. He was married four times: to Angelina Beloff, Guadalupe Marin, painter Frida Kahlo, and Emma Hurtado. He had three daughters named Ruth, Marika, and Guadalupe, as well as one son named Diego.
His circle of friends included Italian painter Amedeo Modigliani, who painted a portrait of Rivera in 1914.
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- Frida Kahlo
- Artists from Guanajuato
- Escuela Nacional de Pintura, Escultura y Grabado "La Esmeralda" faculty
- Mexican atheists
- Mexican communists
- Painters of the Return to Order
- Members of El Colegio Nacional
- Political artists
- Social realist artists
- Mexican muralists
- 19th-century Mexican people
- Cubist artists
- Artists from Mexico City
- 20th-century Mexican painters
- Federal Art Project artists
- Alumni of the Académie Julian