Franz Kafka

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Date of Birth July 3, 1883
Place of Birth Prague, Czech Republic
Date of Death Jun 3, 1924 (40)
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Franz Kafka

Franz Kafka was a German-speaking Bohemian novelist and short-story writer, widely regarded as one of the major figures of 20th-century literature. His work fuses elements of realism and the fantastic. It typically features isolated protagonists facing bizarre or surrealistic predicaments and incomprehensible socio-bureaucratic powers. It has been interpreted as exploring themes of alienation, existential anxiety, guilt, and absurdity. His best known works include "Die Verwandlung", Der Process, and Das Schloss. The term Kafkaesque has entered the English language to describe situations like those found in his writing. Kafka was born into a middle-class Ashkenazi Jewish family in Prague, the capital of the Kingdom of Bohemia, then part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, today the capital of the Czech Republic. He trained as a lawyer and after completing his legal education was employed full-time by an insurance company, forcing him to relegate writing to his spare time.

Born: July 3, 1883, Prague, Kingdom of Bohemia, Austria-Hungary, (now Czech Republic)
Died: June 3, 1924, Kierling, part of Klosterneuburg, Lower Austria, Austria
Resting place: New Jewish Cemetery, Prague-Žižkov
Citizenship: Austria-Hungary (1883–1918), Czechoslovakia (1918–24)
Alma mater: German Charles-Ferdinand University, Prague
Occupation: Novelist, short story writer, insurance officer
Notable work: " Die Verwandlung "("The Metamorphosis"), Der Process (The Trial), "Das Urteil "("The Judgment"), Das Schloss (The Castle), Betrachtung (Contemplation), Ein Hungerkünstler (A Hunger Artist), Briefe an Felice (Letters to Felice)
Style: Modernism
Parent(s): Hermann Kafka, Julie Kafka (née Löwy)
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About Franz Kafka

Czech modernist author of the famous novella, The Metamorphosis, in which a businessman awakes to find that he has become a giant dung beetle. Kafka's other major works include The Judgment, Contemplation, and Letters to Felice.

Before Fame

He studied law at the German Charles-Ferdinand University of Prague. Afterwards, he worked for the Assicurazioni Generali, an Italian insurance company, but was unhappy because his long work hours left little time for his writing.

Achievement

His novels, The Trial and The Castle, were never printed during his lifetime, and, at the time of his death, he asked for them to be burned; however, the books survived and are now considered major works of the twentieth century.

Family Life

He was born in Prague to a German-Jewish family that included parents Hermann and Julie Kafka and siblings Gabriele, Valerie, and Ottilie (all of whom died tragically in the Holocaust). Franz Kafka died young of tuberculosis and never married, but had numerous relationships during his lifetime; his lovers included Felice Bauer, Dora Diamant, and writer Milena Jesenska.

Associations

Vladimir Nabokov held Kafka's work in very high regard.

Information related to Franz Kafka

  • Modernist literature - Literary modernism, or modernist literature, has its origins in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, mainly in Europe and North America, and is characterized by a self-conscious break with traditional ways of writing, in both poetry and prose fiction.
  • Jewish existentialists
  • Fabulists
  • Czechoslovak writers
  • Austrian socialists
  • Czech diarists
  • Czechoslovak Jews
  • Austro-Hungarian writers
  • 20th-century Austrian novelists
  • Austrian civil servants
  • Weird fiction writers
  • 20th-century Austrian writers
  • Magic realism writers
  • Aphorists
  • Modernist writers
  • Writers from Prague
  • Austro-Hungarian Jews
  • Austrian male writers
  • 19th-century Austrian people
  • Jewish atheists
  • Charles University in Prague alumni
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Latest information about Franz Kafka updated on October 25, 2020.

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