Galileo di Vincenzo Bonaiuti de 'Galilei was an Italian astronomer, physicist and engineer, sometimes described as a polyam, from Pisa. Galileo has been called "the father of observational astronomy", "the father of modern physics", "the father of the scientific method" and "the father of modern science". Galileo studies speed and velocity, gravity and free fall, the principles of relativity, inertia and ballistic motion and also works in applied science and technology, describing the properties of balances and "hydrostatic balance". He invented the thermometer lens and various types of military compasses, and used the telescope to scientifically see celestial objects. His contributions to observational astronomy include the telescopic confirmation of the phases of Venus, the observation of the four largest satellites of Jupiter, the observation of the rings of Saturn, and the analysis of traces.
|Born||Galileo di Vincenzo Bonaiuti de' Galilei, February 15, 1564, Pisa, Duchy of Florence|
|Died||January 08, 1642, Arcetri, Grand Duchy of Tuscany|
|Fields||Astronomy, physics, engineering, natural philosophy, mathematics|
|Institutions||University of Pisa, University of Padua|
|Patrons||Cosimo II de Medici, Federico Cesi, Ferdinando II de Medici, Fra Paolo Sarpi, Francesco Maria del Monte|
|Education||University of Pisa|
|Academic advisors||Ostilio Ricci da Fermo|
|Notable students||Benedetto Castelli, Mario Guiducci, Vincenzo Viviani|
|Known for||Analytical dynamics, heliocentrism, kinematics, observational astronomy|
His achievements included establishing Venus's phases, identifying four of Jupiter's moons, and creating the thermoscope, which was the forerunner to the thermometer. He was a key actor in the scientific revolution, and his support for the heliocentric theory, which asserted that the earth circled around the sun, earned him the wrath of the Catholic Church.
He grew captivated with mathematics while studying to become a doctor at his father's request, which prompted him to study the stars.
For his defense of the heliocentric model, the Catholic Church arrested him on the grounds of heresy, and he was compelled to spend the rest of his life under house arrest.
With Marina Gamba, he had three children out of wedlock: two daughters named Virginia and Livia, and one son named Vincenzo.
In his book On the Shoulders of Giants, Stephen Hawking praised Galileo for establishing modern science.
Category Galileo Galilei. Second pendulum - The second pendulum is a pendulum with a period of exactly two seconds; one second for one-way oscillation and one second for reverse oscillation, frequency 0.5 Hz.. The Galileo Tribune - The Galileo Tribune is a complementary neoclassical structure built in memory of the famous Florentine scientist Galileo Galilei and houses a number of scientific tools.. Villa Il Gioiello - Villa il Gioiello is a villa in Florence, central Italy, famous as one of the palaces of Galileo Galilei, he lived from 1631 until his death in 1642. It is also known as the one of Galileo Galilei's palaces. Villa Galileo.. Christian astrologers. The Galileo case. Explorer of the moon. The blind come from Italy. Funeral at the Basilica of Santa Croce, Florence. Copernic revolution. Italian astrologers. Ballistic specialists. 16th century Italian mathematicians TM_VZ! 17th century Italian mathematicians. Blind academic. 17th century astronomers TM_VZ! 17th century Italian writers TM_VZ! Natural philosophers. Members of the Lincean Academy. Italian inventors. Faculty of the University of Pisa. 16th century Italian writers TM_VZ! Controversies related to Catholicism. 17th century Latin-speaking writers. Former student of the University of Pisa. Italian astronomers. Experimental physicists. Italian physicists. Scientific philosophers. Theoretical physicists