Gao Xingjian

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Date of Birth January 4, 1940
Place of Birth China
Age 81 years old
Horoscope Capricorn

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Gao Xingjian

Gao Xingjian is a Chinese émigré novelist, playwright, and critic who in 2000 was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature "for an oeuvre of universal validity, bitter insights and linguistic ingenuity." He is also a noted translator, screenwriter, stage director, and a celebrated painter. In 1998, Gao was granted French citizenship. Gao's drama is considered to be fundamentally absurdist in nature and avant-garde in his native China. His prose works tend to be less celebrated in China but are highly regarded elsewhere in Europe and the West.

Born: January 4, 1940, Ganzhou, Jiangxi, China
Occupation: novelist, playwright, critic, translator, screenwriter, director, painter
Language: Chinese
Citizenship: Republic of China (1940–49), People's Republic of China (1949–98), France (since 1998)
Alma mater: Beijing Foreign Studies University
Genre: absurdism
Notable works: The Other Shore, Soul Mountain, One Man's Bible
Notable awards: Nobel Prize in Literature, 2000
Spouse: Wang Xuejun (王学筠), divorced

About Gao Xingjian

Known as a Chinese pioneer of absurdist drama, he was also a novelist, screenwriter, director, and artist. His literary works include the novel Soul Mountain and the play The Other Side.

Before Fame

He began attending the Beijing Foreign Studies University in 1957.


He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 2000.

Family Life

His father was a clerk in the Bank of China, and his mother was an actress.


He translated the works of Samuel Beckett into Chinese.

Information related to Gao Xingjian

  • Chinese literature - The history of Chinese literature extends thousands of years, from the earliest recorded dynastic court archives to the mature vernacular fiction novels that arose during the Ming dynasty to entertain the masses of literate Chinese.
  • Chinese emigrants to France
  • Writers from Jiangxi
  • 20th-century Chinese painters
  • 20th-century Chinese writers
  • Chinese dramatists and playwrights
  • French Nobel laureates
  • Nobel laureates in Literature
  • Chinese male novelists
  • Naturalized citizens of France
  • French translators
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Latest information about Gao Xingjian updated on January 17, 2021.

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