Giovanni Battista Grassi is an Italian physician and zoologist, famous for his pioneering work in parasitology, in particular on malaria. He was Professor of Comparative Zoology at the University of Catania from 1883 and Professor of Comparative Anatomy at the Sapienza University in Rome from 1895 until his death. His scientific contributions include the embryonic development of honey bees, helminth parasites, vine phylloxera, eel migration and metamorphosis. He was the first to describe and establish the life cycle of the human malaria parasite, Plasmodium falciparum, and discovered that only female Anopheles mosquitoes were capable of transmitting the disease. His work on malaria remains a nagging controversy in the history of the Nobel Prize, as British military surgeon Ronald Ross, who discovered malaria parasite transmission in birds, was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1902
|Born||March 27, 1854, Rovellasca, Italy|
|Died||May 4, 1925, Rome, Italy|
|Fields||Medicine, Entomology, Parasitology|
|Institutions||University of Catania, Sapienza University of Rome|
|Alma mater||University of Pavia|
|Doctoral students||Gustavo Pittaluga Fattorini|
|Known for||Plasmodium life cycle, Malaria control|
|Notable awards||Darwin Medal|
Best known for his research on malaria parasites (the study of malaria), this Italian zoologist and doctor has also studied the behavior, development and life cycle of termites, eels and honey bees. He was the recipient of the Darwin Medal in 1896.
After graduating from medicine at Pavia University, he worked at zoology and oceanographic stations in Naples, Italy, and went on to study at the Heidelberg University in Germany.
He taught zoology at the University of Catania and anatomy at Sapienza University in Rome.
He was born in Rovellasca, Italy, to Costanza Mazzuchelli and Luigi Grassi.
Without the influence of microbiologist Robert Koch, who supported physician and malaria researcher Ronald Ross for the award, Grassi would at least have been the double recipient of the 1902 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1902
- Italian zoologists
- Malaria specialist
- Italian entomologist
- Members of the Senate of the Kingdom of Italy
Latest information about Giovanni Battista Grassi updated on May 10 2021.