Gloria Richardson

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Civil Rights Leader
Date of Birth May 6, 1922
Place of Birth Maryland
Age 98 years old
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Gloria Richardson Dandridge is best known as the leader of the Cambridge Movement, a civil rights struggle in the early 1960s in Cambridge, Maryland, on the Eastern Shore. Recognized as a major figure in the Civil Rights Movement at the time, she was one of the signatories to "The Treaty of Cambridge", signed in July 1963 with Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy, and state and local officials after the riot the month before. Richardson was honored with five other women leaders by being seated on the stage at the August 1963 March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom, but none were allowed to speak to the crowd. Later Richardson married again and moved to New York City, where she worked locally in Harlem on civil rights and economic development.

About Gloria Richardson

Famous for leading a Maryland-based civil rights initiative known as the Cambridge Movement, this African-American activist was the spokeswoman of the Cambridge Nonviolent Action Committee and a key figure in the development of the Black Power movement.

Before Fame

After earning her bachelor's degree in sociology from Howard University, she attempted to secure employment as a social worker, but was banned from all open positions as a result of her race.


She appeared in front of a crowd of hundreds of thousands at the famous 1963 March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom.

Family Life

A member of the wealthy St. Clair family, she grew up in Cambridge, Maryland. Her first marriage produced several children, including a daughter named Donna. After marrying her second husband, Frank Dandridge, Richardson settled in New York City.


She and Ella Baker were both important female civil rights activists.

Information related to Gloria Richardson

  • History of civil rights in the United States
  • 20th-century African-American activists
  • American civil rights activists
  • Howard University alumni
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Latest information about Gloria Richardson updated on July 06, 2020.

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