Henri Matisse

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Painter
QUICK FACTS
Date of Birth December 31, 1869
Place of Birth France
Date of Death Nov 3, 1954 (84)
Horoscope Capricorn

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Henri Matisse

Henri Émile Benoît Matisse was a French artist, known for both his use of colour and his fluid and original draughtsmanship. He was a draughtsman, printmaker, and sculptor, but is known primarily as a painter. Matisse is commonly regarded, along with Pablo Picasso, as one of the artists who best helped to define the revolutionary developments in the visual arts throughout the opening decades of the twentieth century, responsible for significant developments in painting and sculpture. The intense colorism of the works he painted between 1900 and 1905 brought him notoriety as one of the Fauves. Many of his finest works were created in the decade or so after 1906, when he developed a rigorous style that emphasized flattened forms and decorative pattern. In 1917, he relocated to a suburb of Nice on the French Riviera, and the more relaxed style of his work during the 1920s gained him critical acclaim as an upholder of the classical tradition in French painting.

Born: Henri Émile Benoît Matisse, December 31, 1869, Le Cateau-Cambrésis, France
Died: November 3, 1954, Nice, France
Nationality: French
Education: Académie Julian, William-Adolphe Bouguereau, Gustave Moreau
Known for: Painting, printmaking, sculpture, drawing, collage
Notable work: Woman with a Hat (1905), The Joy of Life (1906), Nu bleu (1907), La Danse (1909), L'Atelier Rouge (1911)
Movement: Fauvism, Modernism, Post-Impressionism
IMDb: Henri Matisse's IMDb

About Henri Matisse

French modernist artist well known for his paintings 'Woman with a Hat,' 'The Dance,' and 'Red Room.' Along with Pablo Picasso and Marcel Duchamp, he developed the use of plastic arts in the early 20th century.

Henri Matisse Before Fame

He began painting at age 20 while recovering from appendicitis. He had two of his paintings purchased by the state after five of them were displayed at the Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts salon in 1896.

Achievement of Henri Matisse

His painting "Woman with a Hat" caused great controversy for its liberal use of color.

Henri Matisse Family Life

His father was highly disappointed by his decision to become an artist. He married Amelie Noellie Parayre in 1898, and the couple had two sons.

Associations of Henri Matisse

His artistic style was greatly influenced by that of Vincent van Gogh.

Information related to Henri Matisse

  • Henri Matisse Category
  • French printmakers
  • Fauvism
  • School of Paris
  • French atheists
  • Post-impressionist painters
  • 19th-century French sculptors
  • Orientalist painters
  • 20th-century French sculptors
  • Alumni of the Académie Julian
  • French male sculptors
Latest information about Henri Matisse updated on April 18, 2021.

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