Jacques-Yves Cousteau, was a French naval officer, explorer, conservationist, filmmaker, innovator, scientist, photographer, author and researcher who studied the sea and all forms of life in water. He co-developed the Aqua-Lung, pioneered marine conservation and was a member of the Académie Française. Cousteau described his underwater world research in a series of books, perhaps the most successful being his first book, The Silent World: A Story of Undersea Discovery and Adventure, published in 1953. Cousteau also directed films, most notably the documentary adaptation of the book, The Silent World, which won a Palme d'or at the 1956 Cannes Film Festival. He remained the only person to win a Palme d'Or for a documentary film, until Michael Moore won the award in 2004 for Fahrenheit 9/11.
|Born||Jacques-Yves Cousteau, June 11, 1910, Saint-André-de-Cubzac, France|
|Died||June 25, 1997, Paris, France|
|Children||Jean-Michel, Philippe-Pierre, Diane, Pierre-Yves|
|Relatives||Pierre-Antoine Cousteau (brother)|
He is most recognized for his underwater documentary series. He is an oceanographer, explorer, conservationist, and filmmaker. In 1976, he discovered the wreckage of the HMHS Britannic, and his television show, The Cousteau Odyssey, aired on ABC from 1977 to 1982.
He was unable to become a navy pilot due to an automobile accident.
He won the Palme d'Or at the Cannes Film Festival and the Academy Award for Best Documentary for his 1956 film The Silent World, which was the only documentary to win the Palme d'Or until Michael Moore won in 2004.
On July 12, 1937, he married Simone Melchior and had two sons, Jean-Michel and Philippe.
He was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by Ronald Reagan.
Jacques Cousteau Category. French marine biologists. Cousteau family. French oceanographers. History of scuba diving. French underwater divers. French documentary filmmakers. Officers of the Ordre du Mérite Maritime. Underwater filmmakers. International Emmy Founders Award winners. Honorary Companions of the Order of Australia. Howard N. Potts Medal recipients. 20th-century explorers. Underwater photographers. Directors of Best Documentary Feature Academy Award winners. Collège Stanislas de Paris alumni. BAFTA fellows. French inventors. French explorers. 20th-century biologists. French Navy officers. French photographers. French military personnel of World War II. Presidential Medal of Freedom recipients