James L Farmer Jr. avatar

James L Farmer Jr.

James L Farmer Jr. Fast Facts
Birthday ***, 1920
Place of Birth Marshall, Texas
Death day July 9, 1999 (79 years old)
Zodiac Sign Capricorn
 Astrology Birth Chart of James L Farmer Jr.
🎉 Countdown to James L Farmer Jr.'s birthday 🎂
  • -- Days
  • -- Hours
  • -- Minutes
  • -- Seconds
James L Farmer Jr.

James Leonard Farmer Jr. is an American civil rights activist and leader of the civil rights movement "who promoted nonviolent protests to erase discrimination and served with Martin Luther King Jr." He was the initiator and organized the first Freedom Ride in 1961, eventually leading to the separation of interstate transportation in the United States. In 1942, Farmer co-founded the Race Equality Commission in Chicago with George Houser, James R. Robinson, Samuel E. Riley, Bernice Fisher, Homer Jack, and Joe Guinn. He was later called the Congress for Racial Equality and dedicated himself to ending racism in the United States through nonviolence. Farmer was state president from 1942 to 1944. In the 1960s, Farmer was known as "one of the four civil rights leaders of the 1960s, along with King, NAACP director Roy Wilkins and Urban League leader Whitney Young."

Born James Leonard Farmer Jr, January 12, 1920, Marshall, Texas
Died July 9, 1999, Fredericksburg, Virginia
Cause of death Diabetes complications
Resting place Unknown
Nationality United States
Spouse(s) Winnie Christie (1945–1946), Lula Peterson (1949–1977)
Children 2
Parents James L. Farmer Sr, Pearl Houston
Alma mater Wiley College
Occupation Civil rights activist
Preceded by Position established
Succeeded by Floyd McKissick

About James L Farmer Jr.

American civil rights activist who led the Freedom Riders. He also helped establish the Congress of Racial Equality.

James L Farmer Jr. before fame

A child prodigy, he began attending Wiley College at the age of fourteen. He went on to earn an additional degree from the Howard University Divinity School.

Achievement of James L Farmer Jr.

In the mid-1980s, he published a memoir entitled Lay Bare the Heart: An Autobiography of the Civil Rights Movement.

James L Farmer Jr. family life

He was briefly married to Winnie Christie. With his second wife, Lula Peterson, he had two daughters.

Associations of James L Farmer Jr.

He and Diane Judith Nash , fellow leaders in the Civil Rights Movement, were both Freedom Riders (African-American activists who took seats on buses headed to the segregated Southern states).

Top Facts You Did Not Know About James L Farmer Jr.

  • New York Liberal Party politicians
  • Alumni of Wiley College
  • Freestyle runner
  • Members of the American Democratic Socialist Party
  • 20th Century African American Activists TM_VZ! American socialists
  • The recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom

Latest information about James L Farmer Jr. updated on June 14 2021.