Sir John Franklin was a British Royal Navy officer and Arctic explorer. After serving in wars against Napoleonic France and the United States, he led two expeditions into the Canadian Arctic, in 1819 and 1825, and served as Lieutenant-Governor of Van Diemen's Land from 1839 to 1843. During his third and final expedition to force the Northwest Passage in 1845, Franklin's ships became icebound off King William Island in what is now Nunavut, where he died in June 1847. The icebound ships were abandoned ten months later and the entire crew died, from causes such as starvation, hypothermia, and scurvy.
|Born||April 16, 1786, Spilsby, Lincolnshire, England|
|Died||June 11, 1847, King William Island, North-Western Territory (now Nunavut, Canada)|
|Preceded by||Sir George Arthur|
|Succeeded by||Sir John Eardley-Wilmot|
Famed arctic explorer who led Britain's largest expedition to seek the Northwest Passage and never came back from it.
He adopted an interest in the natural sciences in his teenage years.
He made three successful trips to the northern wilderness, but on his fourth he perished with his crew.
His first wife was poet Eleanor Anne Porden and his second wife was Jane Franklin.
His doomed voyage inspired many works of art, including Wilkie Collins' and Charles Dickens' play The Frozen Deep.
- Van Diemen's Land people
- Australian penal colony administrators
- People educated at King Edward VI Grammar School, Louth
- Lost explorers
- Governors of Tasmania
- English explorers of North America
- British polar explorers
- Naval history of Canada
- Canadian folklore
- Knights Commander of the Royal Guelphic Order
- Recipients of the Polar Medal
- Explorers of Australia
- Explorers of Canada
- 19th-century explorers
- English folklore
- Explorers of the Arctic
- Royal Navy personnel of the Napoleonic Wars
- Fellows of the Royal Geographical Society
- 19th-century English people
Latest information about John Franklin updated on June 14 2021.