John Muir

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Conservationist
QUICK FACTS
Date of Birth April 21, 1838
Place of Birth Dunbar, Scotland
Date of Death Dec 24, 1914 (76)
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John Muir

John Muir also known as "John of the Mountains" and "Father of the National Parks", was an influential Scottish-American naturalist, author, environmental philosopher, botanist, zoologist, glaciologist, and early advocate for the preservation of wilderness in the United States of America. His letters, essays, and books describing his adventures in nature, especially in the Sierra Nevada, have been read by millions. His activism helped to preserve the Yosemite Valley and Sequoia National Park, and his example has served as an inspiration for the preservation of many other wilderness areas. The Sierra Club, which he co-founded, is a prominent American conservation organization. In his later life, Muir devoted most of his time to the preservation of the Western forests.

Born: April 21, 1838, Dunbar, East Lothian, Scotland
Died: December 24, 1914, Los Angeles, California, U.S.
Occupation: Farmer, inventor, naturalist, philosopher, writer, botanist, zoologist, geologist, environmentalist
Children: Two daughters, no sons

About John Muir

Naturalist and conservationist who explored Yosemite and is known as the "Father of the National Park." He was an advocate for Western forests and he was a strong proponent of the National park bill, which was passed by congress in 1890 and established Yosemite and Sequoia National Parks.

John Muir Before Fame

He emigrated to the US because his father thought the Church of Scotland was not strict enough in its faith and practice.

Achievement of John Muir

His letters, essays, and books telling of his adventures in nature, especially in the Sierra Nevada mountains of California, have been read by millions and greatly inspired President Roosevelt, who in turn became one of the first Presidents to make conservation a national issue.

John Muir Family Life

He married Louisa Wanda Strentzel in 1880, and together they had two daughters.

Associations of John Muir

He went to Yosemite with President Theodore Roosevelt.

Information related to John Muir

  • John Muir Category
  • Hetch Hetchy Project
  • Scottish nature writers
  • Scottish conservationists
  • American botanical writers
  • Scottish mountain climbers
  • Scottish essayists
  • Hikers
  • Scottish naturalists
  • Scottish activists
  • Yosemite National Park
  • American Disciples of Christ
  • Scottish explorers
  • History of the Sierra Nevada (U.S.)
  • Scottish geologists
  • American nature writers
  • Scottish engineers
  • Scottish inventors
  • 20th-century Scottish writers
  • Writers who illustrated their own writing
  • Scottish botanists
  • 19th-century Scottish writers
  • American mountain climbers
  • American non-fiction environmental writers
  • People of the American Old West
  • Progressive Era in the United States
  • Engineers from California
  • American naturalists
  • American explorers
  • American conservationists
  • American male essayists
  • American geologists
  • Scottish emigrants to the United States
  • American environmentalists
Latest information about John Muir updated on April 18, 2021.

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