Joseph Aloysius Lyons was an Australian politician who served as the 10th Prime Minister of Australia, in office from 1932 until his death in 1939. He began his career in the Australian Labor Party, but became the founding leader of the United Australia Party after the 1931 ALP split. He had earlier served as Premier of Tasmania from 1923 to 1928. Lyons was born in Stanley, Tasmania, and before entering politics worked as a schoolteacher. He was active in the Labor Party from a young age and won election to the Tasmanian House of Assembly in 1909. He served as state treasurer under John Earle, before replacing Earle as party leader in 1916. After two elections that ended in hung parliaments, Lyons was appointed premier in 1923 at the head of a minority government. He pursued moderate reforms and successfully negotiated a constitutional crisis over the powers of the Legislative Council.
|Born:||Joseph Aloysius Lyons, September 15, 1879, Stanley, Tasmania|
|Died:||April 7, 1939, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia|
|Cause of death:||Heart attack|
|Resting place:||Mersey Vale Memorial Park, Quoiba|
|Political party:||Labor (to 1931), Independent (1931), UAP (after 1931)|
|Relations:||Libby Lyons (granddaughter), Kevin Lyons Jr. (grandson)|
|Children:||12, including Kevin and Brendan|
|Education:||Hobart Teachers' College|
|Monarch:||George V, Edward VIII, George VI|
|Preceded by:||James Scullin|
|Succeeded by:||Earle Page|
About Joseph Lyons
For the last seven years of his life, this prominent member of the United Australia Party served as his country's tenth Prime Minister. Earlier in his political career, as a member of the Labor Party, he served as Premier of Tasmania.
Joseph Lyons Before Fame
After attending the Philip Smith Teachers' Training College and subsequently working as a teacher, he began his political career as a member of the Tasmanian House of Assembly.
Achievement of Joseph Lyons
A congenial and easy-going man and a hugely popular leader, he was portrayed by political cartoonists as a drowsy koala.
Joseph Lyons Family Life
A native of Stanley, Tasmania, he was the child of Irish-born parents. His marriage to fellow politician Enid Lyons produced twelve children.
Associations of Joseph Lyons
His decade of service as prime minister spanned the reigns of three British kings: George V, Edward VIII, and George VI.
Information related to Joseph Lyons
- First Lyons Ministry - The First Lyons Ministry was the 20th ministry of the Government of Australia. It was led by the country's 10th Prime Minister, Joseph Lyons.
- Second Lyons Ministry - The Second Lyons Ministry was the 21st ministry of the Government of Australia. It was led by the country's 10th Prime Minister, Joseph Lyons. The Second Lyons Ministry succeeded the First Lyons Ministry, which dissolved on 12 October 1934 following the federal election that took place in September.
- Third Lyons Ministry - The Third Lyons Ministry was the 22nd ministry of the Government of Australia. It was led by the country's 10th Prime Minister, Joseph Lyons.
- Fourth Lyons Ministry - The Fourth Lyons Ministry was the 23rd ministry of the Government of Australia. It was led by the country's 10th Prime Minister, Joseph Lyons. The Fourth Lyons Ministry succeeded the Third Lyons Ministry, which dissolved on 29 November 1937 following the federal election that took place in October.
- Farrer Medal recipients
- Australian Members of the Order of the Companions of Honour
- Members of the Australian House of Representatives for Wilmot
- Prime Ministers of Australia
- Australian Leaders of the Opposition
- Treasurers of Tasmania
- Treasurers of Australia
- Australian Ministers for Health
- Premiers of Tasmania
- Leaders of the Opposition in Tasmania
- Defence ministers of Australia
- Leaders of the United Australia Party
- United Australia Party members of the Parliament of Australia
- Australian Roman Catholics
- Members of the Cabinet of Australia
- Members of the Tasmanian House of Assembly