Robert Burns

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Poet
QUICK FACTS
Date of Birth January 25, 1759
Place of Birth Scotland
Date of Death Jul 21, 1796 (37)
Horoscope Aquarius

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Robert Burns

Robert Burns, also known familiarly as Rabbie Burns, the National Bard, Bard of Ayrshire and the Ploughman Poet and various other names and epithets, was a Scottish poet and lyricist. He is widely regarded as the national poet of Scotland and is celebrated worldwide. He is the best known of the poets who have written in the Scots language, although much of his writing is in English and a light Scots dialect, accessible to an audience beyond Scotland. He also wrote in standard English, and in these writings his political or civil commentary is often at its bluntest. He is regarded as a pioneer of the Romantic movement, and after his death he became a great source of inspiration to the founders of both liberalism and socialism, and a cultural icon in Scotland and among the Scottish diaspora around the world. Celebration of his life and work became almost a national charismatic cult during the 19th and 20th centuries, and his influence has long been strong on Scottish literature.

Born: January 25, 1759, Alloway, Ayrshire, Scotland
Died: July 21, 1796, Dumfries, Scotland
Resting place: Burns Mausoleum, Dumfries
Occupation: Poet, lyricist, farmer, excise-man
Language: Scots language
Nationality: Scottish
Literary movement: Romanticism
Notable works: "Auld Lang Syne", "To a Mouse", "A Man's a Man for A' That", "Ae Fond Kiss", "Scots Wha Hae", "Tam O'Shanter", "Halloween", "The Battle of Sherramuir"
Spouse: Jean Armour

About Robert Burns

Major Scottish poet associated with the Romantic movement and known for such poem-songs as "Auld Lang Syne" and "A Red, Red Rose." The first edition of his Scottish-dialect poems was published in 1786.

Before Fame

He worked as a farmhand in his younger years. He grew up in Alloway, Scotland as the oldest of seven children.

Achievement

He is considered Scotland's national poet.

Family Life

He had an illegitimate child with his mother's maid and later married Jean Amour, with whom he had nine more children.

Associations

J.D. Salinger took the title of his famous novel Catcher in the Rye from Burns' poem "Comin' Through the Rye."

Information related to Robert Burns

  • Robert Burns Category
  • Glenriddell Manuscripts - The Glenriddell Manuscripts is an extensive collection written in holograph by Robert Burns and an amanuensis of his letters, poems and a few songs in two volumes produced for his then friend Captain Robert Riddell, Laird of what is now Friars Carse in the Nith Valley, Dumfries and Galloway.
  • Robert Burns's Commonplace Book 1783-1785 - Robert Burns's Commonplace Book 1783-1785 is the first of two commonplace books that were produced by the poet. The contents cover drafts of songs and poems, observations, ideas, epitaphs, etc.
  • Robert Burns's Interleaved Scots Musical Museum - 'Robert Burns's Interleaved Scots Musical Museum' or the 'Interleaved Glenriddell Manuscript' is a set of four octavo volumes of James Johnson's The Scots Musical Museum in which Robert Burns provided additional material to the original publication on interleaved sheets and which he eventually...
  • Robert Burns and the Eglinton Estate - During the years 1781–1782, at the age of 23, Robert Burns lived in Irvine, North Ayrshire for a period of around 9 months, whilst learning the craft of flax-dressing from Alexander Peacock, who may have been his mother's half-brother, working at the heckling shop in the Glasgow Vennel.
  • Robert Burns's diamond point engravings - Robert Burns came to know James Cunninghamme, Earl of Glencairn in Edinburgh in 1786 through a 'Letter of Introduction' provided by Dalrymple of Orangefield who was married to Lady Glencairn's sister. The Earl received the poet warmly in his house and introduced him to his friends.
  • The World of Robert Burns (educational software).
  • Freemasonry in Scotland
  • Scots-language poets
  • Scots Makars
  • Scottish folk-song collectors
  • Lallans poets
  • 18th-century Scottish poets
  • People of the Scottish Enlightenment
  • Scottish civil servants
  • Scottish literature
  • 18th-century Scottish writers
  • Literary critics of English
  • Members of the Royal Company of Archers
  • Romantic poets
  • Scottish songwriters
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Latest information about Robert Burns updated on October 28, 2020.

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