Sergei Pavlovich Korolev, was a lead Soviet rocket engineer and spacecraft designer during the Space Race between the United States and the Soviet Union in the 1950s and 1960s. He is regarded by many as the father of practical astronautics. He was involved in the development of the R-7 Rocket, Sputnik 1, and launching Laika and the first human being, Yuri Gagarin, into space. Although Korolev trained as an aircraft designer, his greatest strengths proved to be in design integration, organization and strategic planning. Arrested on a false official charge as a "member of an anti-Soviet counter-revolutionary organization", he was imprisoned in 1938 for almost six years, including some months in a Kolyma labour camp. Following his release he became a recognized rocket designer and a key figure in the development of the Soviet Intercontinental ballistic missile program.
|Born:||Sergey Pavlovich Korolev, Сергей Павлович Королёв, 12 January [O.S. 30 December 1906]1907, Zhytomyr, Ukraine|
|Died:||January 14, 1966, Moscow, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union|
|Resting place:||Kremlin Wall Necropolis, Moscow|
|Occupation:||Rocket engineer, Chief Designer of the Soviet space program|
|Spouse(s):||Ksenia Vincentini, Nina Ivanovna Kotenkova|
About Sergey Korolyov
The lead Soviet rocket engineer and spacecraft designer in the Space Race who, most notably, launched Sputnik, the first satellite in space, in 1957. However, he died before he could help put a Russian on the moon before the US put one of their own on the planet.
He grew up displaying an aptitude for mathematics and he attended the Bauman Moscow State Technical University.
Before becoming a key figure in the Soviet Rocket Program he was arrested for alleged mismanagement of funds and was imprisoned in 1938 for almost six years, including some months in a Kolyma labour camp.
His parents separated when he was just three; his mother told him his father had died.
If he had his way, it would have been a Russian cosmonaut and not Neil Armstrong who first stepped on the moon.
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