François-Dominique Toussaint Louverture was a Haitian general and the most prominent leader of the Haitian Revolution. During his life, Louverture first fought against the French, then for them, and then finally against France again for the cause of Haitian independence. As a revolutionary leader, Louverture's military and political acumen helped transform the fledgling slave rebellion into a revolutionary movement. Louverture is now known as the "Father of Haiti". Louverture was born a slave on the French colony of Saint-Domingue, now known as Haiti. He became a free man and a Jacobin, and began his military career as a leader of the 1791 slave rebellion in Saint-Domingue. Initially allied with the Spaniards of neighboring Santo Domingo, Louverture switched his allegiance to the French when the new Republican government abolished slavery. Louverture gradually established control over the whole island and used his political and military influence to gain dominance over his rivals.
|Born:||Toussaint de Bréda (Tussan), 1743, Saint-Domingue, (now Haiti)|
|Died:||April 7, 1803, Fort-de-Joux, France|
|Nationality:||Haitian / French|
|Spouse(s):||Suzanne Simone Baptiste Louverture|
About Toussaint Louverture
Haitian war hero who was the leader of the Haitian Revolution. His military work led to an entire society of slaved into the state of Haiti.
Toussaint Louverture Before Fame
He received some education from his godfather and Jesuit missionaries early in his life.
Achievement of Toussaint Louverture
He has been said by historians to have been a member of the Masonic Lodge of Saint-Domingue due to the Masonic symbol he included in his signature.
Toussaint Louverture Family Life
He married Suzanne Simone Baptiste in 1782 and had sixteen children.
Associations of Toussaint Louverture
Poet William Wordsworth wrote a sonnet about him called To Toussaint L'Ouverture in 1803.
Information related to Toussaint Louverture
- Presidents for life
- Haitian revolutionaries
- House slaves
- Colonial governors of Santo Domingo
- Haitian Roman Catholics
- Prisoners who died in French detention
- French people who died in prison custody
- Governors of Saint-Domingue
- Black commanders of the Napoleonic Wars
- French Freemasons
- Military leaders of the French Revolutionary Wars