Audie Leon Murphy was an American soldier, actor, songwriter, and rancher. He was one of the most decorated American combat soldiers of World War II. He received every military combat award for valor available from the U.S. Army, as well as French and Belgian awards for heroism. Murphy received the Medal of Honor for valor that he demonstrated at the age of 19 for single-handedly holding off a company of German soldiers for an hour at the Colmar Pocket in France in January 1945, then leading a successful counterattack while wounded and out of ammunition. Murphy was born into a large family of sharecroppers in Hunt County, Texas. His father abandoned them, and his mother died when he was a teenager. Murphy left school in fifth grade to pick cotton and find other work to help support his family; his skill with a hunting rifle helped feed his family.
|Birth name||Audie Leon Murphy|
|Born||June 20, 1925, Kingston, Texas, U.S.|
|Died||May 28, 1971, Brush Mountain, near Catawba, Craig County, Virginia, U.S.|
|Buried at||Arlington National Cemetery|
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Service/branch||United States Army, United States Army National Guard, United States Army Reserve|
|Years of service||1942–45 (U.S. Army), 1950–66 (Texas Army National Guard), 1966–69 (U.S. Army Reserves)|
|Rank||First Lieutenant (U.S.), Major (Texas Army National Guard)|
|Service number||18083707 (as enlisted man), 01692509 (as officer)|
|Unit||15th Infantry Regiment, 3rd Infantry Division (US), 36th Infantry Division (Texas Army National Guard)|
|Battles/wars||World War II, Tunisia, Sicily, Naples-Foggia, Anzio, Rome-Arno, Southern France, Ardennes-Alsace, Rhineland, Central Europe|
|Awards||Medal of Honor, Distinguished Service Cross, Silver Star Medal (2), Legion of Merit, Bronze Star (2, 1 "V" device), Purple Heart (3), Army Good Conduct Medal, Distinguished Unit Citation (2), American Campaign Medal, European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal (9 campaigns, arrowhead device), World War II Victory Medal, Army of Occupation Medal with Germany clasp, French Legion of Honour (grade of Chevalier), French Croix de Guerre with silver star, French Croix de Guerre with palm (3), Belgian Croix de Guerre with palm, French fourragère in colors of the Croix de Guerre, Combat Infantryman Badge, Marksman Badge with Rifle Component Bar, Expert Badge with Bayonet Component Bar, Outstanding Civilian Service Medal, Texas Legislative Medal of Honor|
|Other work||Actor, songwriter, rancher|
|Website||Audie Murphy's Official site|
|IMDb||Audie Murphy's IMDb|
Highly decorated U.S. WWII hero who later became an action movie star. He was decorated with three Purple Hearts, two Silver Stars, an Expert Badge with Boyonet, and the Medal of Honor - every honor available from the U.S. Army.
He left school in fifth grade and began working on a farm to support his family.
He became famous through an article in LIFE magazine and won 33 medals from the military.
He was married three times. He had two sons with his third wife, Pamela Archer.
He starred in the film, To Hell and Back, which featured a soundtrack written by Henry Mancini.
- Audie Murphy Category
- Age controversies
- Western (genre) television actors
- National Guard of the United States officers
- Recipients of the Croix de guerre (Belgium)
- Male actors from Texas
- Victims of aviation accidents or incidents in the United States
- American lyricists
- Male Western (genre) film actors
- World War II recipients of the Medal of Honor
- Recipients of the Distinguished Service Cross (United States)
Latest information about Audie Murphy updated on June 14 2021.