Carl Linnaeus

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Date of Birth May 23, 1707
Place of Birth Rashult, Sweden
Date of Death Jan 10, 1778 (70)
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Carl Linnaeus, also known after his ennoblement as Carl von Linné, was a Swedish botanist, zoologist, and physician who formalised binomial nomenclature, the modern system of naming organisms. He is known as the "father of modern taxonomy". Many of his writings were in Latin, and his name is rendered in Latin as Carolus Linnæus. Linnaeus was born in the countryside of Småland in southern Sweden. He received most of his higher education at Uppsala University and began giving lectures in botany there in 1730. He lived abroad between 1735 and 1738, where he studied and also published the first edition of his Systema Naturae in the Netherlands. He then returned to Sweden where he became professor of medicine and botany at Uppsala. In the 1740s, he was sent on several journeys through Sweden to find and classify plants and animals. In the 1750s and 1760s, he continued to collect and classify animals, plants, and minerals, while publishing several volumes.

Born: May 23, 1707, Råshult, Stenbrohult parish (now within Älmhult Municipality), Sweden
Died: January 10, 1778, Hammarby (estate), Danmark parish (outside Uppsala), Sweden
Resting place: Uppsala Cathedral
Nationality: Swedish
Fields: Botany, Biology, Zoology
Institutions: Uppsala University
Alma mater: Lund University, Uppsala University, University of Harderwijk
Thesis: Dissertatio medica inauguralis in qua exhibetur hypothesis nova de febrium intermittentium causa (1735)
Notable students: Peter Ascanius
Known for: Binomial nomenclature, Scientific classification, Taxonomy
Author abbrev. (botany): L.
Author abbrev. (zoology): Linnaeus
Children: 7

About Carl Linnaeus

Swedish botanist responsible for several developments in modern taxonomy, including binomial nomenclature.

Before Fame

He attended Uppsala University and later joined their faculty as a botany lecturer.


The Linnean Society of London, which focuses on the study of taxonomy, was founded in 1788, ten years after his death.

Family Life

He married Sara Elisabeth Moraea in 1739, and they had six children together.


His work and accomplishments were praised by Jean-Jacques Rousseau.

Information related to Carl Linnaeus

  • Carl Linnaeus Category
  • Linnaean taxonomy (Linnaean system) - Linnaean taxonomy can mean either of two related concepts: 1. the particular form of biological classification set up by Carl Linnaeus, as set forth in his Systema Naturae and subsequent works.
  • Linnaeus's flower clock - Linnaeus's flower clock was a garden plan hypothesized by Carl Linnaeus that would take advantage of several plants that open or close their flowers at particular times of the day to accurately indicate the time.
  • Johann Bartsch , colleague.
  • Centuria Insectorum - Centuria Insectorum is a 1763 taxonomic work by Carl Linnaeus, and defended as a thesis by Boas Johansson; which of the two men should be credited with its authorship has been the subject of some controversy.
  • History of botany - The history of botany examines the human effort to understand life on Earth by tracing the historical development of the discipline of botany—that part of natural science dealing with organisms traditionally treated as plants.
  • History of phycology - The history of phycology is the history of the scientific study of algae. Human interest in plants as food goes back into the origins of the species and knowledge of algae can be traced back more than two thousand years.
  • Burials at Uppsala Cathedral
  • Swedish mycologists
  • 18th-century Swedish physicians
  • University of Harderwijk alumni
  • Swedish ornithologists
  • Swedish taxonomists
  • Swedish autobiographers
  • Botanists active in Europe
  • Terminologists
  • Swedish biologists
  • 18th-century Latin-language writers
  • Swedish entomologists
  • 18th-century Swedish writers
  • Historical definitions of race
  • Swedish Lutherans
  • Phycologists
  • Swedish botanists
  • Botanical nomenclature
  • Arachnologists
  • Knights of the Order of the Polar Star
  • Bryologists
  • Pteridologists
  • Uppsala University faculty
  • Members of the Prussian Academy of Sciences
  • Swedish nobility
  • Uppsala University alumni
  • Botanists with author abbreviations
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Latest information about Carl Linnaeus updated on October 30, 2020.

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