Jean-Jacques Rousseau was a Genevan philosopher, writer, and composer. His political philosophy influenced the progress of the Enlightenment throughout Europe, as well as aspects of the French Revolution and the development of modern political, economic and educational thought. His Discourse on Inequality and The Social Contract are cornerstones in modern political and social thought. Rousseau's sentimental novel Julie, or the New Heloise was important to the development of preromanticism and romanticism in fiction. His Emile, or On Education is an educational treatise on the place of the individual in society. Rousseau's autobiographical writings—the posthumously published Confessions, which initiated the modern autobiography, and the unfinished Reveries of the Solitary Walker—exemplified the late-18th-century "Age of Sensibility", and featured an increased focus on subjectivity and introspection that later characterized modern writing.
One of the most prominent philosophers of the Enlightenment. He pioneered the concept of a social contract between citizens and the government.
Because he lacked formal schooling, he had to pretend to be interested in Catholicism in order to get work.
His masterwork, The Social Contract, is credited with coining the French rallying cry"Liberty, Equality, Fraternity," yet his concepts were eventually adopted by totalitarian nations to justify their own existence.
Suzanne Bernard Rousseau, his mother, reared him in a Genevan upper-class family.
Both Immanuel Kant's beliefs on moral law and Karl Marx's political theories were influenced by him.
Jean-Jacques Rousseau Category. Anarchism - Anarchism is a political philosophy and movement that is sceptical of authority and rejects all involuntary, coercive forms of hierarchy. Anarchism calls for the abolition of the state, which it holds to be undesirable, unnecessary, and harmful.. Anarcho-primitivism - Anarcho-primitivism is a political ideology that advocates a return to non-"civilized" ways of life through deindustrialization, abolition of the division of labor or specialization and abandonment of large-scale organization technologies.. Communism - Communism is a philosophical, social, political, and economic ideology and movement whose ultimate goal is the establishment of a communist society, namely a socioeconomic order structured upon the ideas of common ownership of the means of production and the absence of social classes, money, and.... Eat the Rich , a saying attributed to Rousseau.. Georges Hébert , a physical culturist influenced by Rousseau's teachings.. Let them eat cake , a saying of Rousseau's.. Republicans. Music copyists. Hypochondriacs. Deist philosophers. Philosophes. 18th-century novelists. Music theorists. Autobiographers. Early Modern philosophers. Burials at the Panthéon, Paris. Proto-evolutionary biologists. Writers about activism and social change. Enlightenment philosophers. 18th-century philosophers. Age of Enlightenment. Converts to Roman Catholicism from Calvinism. Romanticism. Social commentators. Philosophers of education. Christian philosophers. Philosophers of art. Philosophers of culture. Cultural critics. Classical-period composers. Social philosophers. Social critics. Political philosophers. Philosophers of mind. Moral philosophers. Philosophers of science