Chester Alan Arthur was an American attorney and politician who served as the 21st president of the United States from 1881 to 1885. Previously the 20th vice president, he succeeded to the presidency upon the death of President James A. Garfield in September 1881, two months after Garfield was shot by an assassin. Arthur was born in Fairfield, Vermont, grew up in upstate New York and practiced law in New York City. He served as quartermaster general of the New York Militia during the American Civil War. Following the war, he devoted more time to New York Republican politics and quickly rose in Senator Roscoe Conkling's political organization. President Ulysses S. Grant appointed him to the post of Collector of the Port of New York in 1871, and he was an important supporter of Conkling and the Stalwart faction of the Republican Party. In 1878, President Rutherford B. Hayes fired Arthur as part of a plan to reform the federal patronage system in New York.
|Born:||Chester Alan Arthur, October 5, 1829, Fairfield, Vermont, U.S.|
|Died:||November 18, 1886, New York City, New York, U.S.|
|Resting place:||Albany Rural Cemetery, Menands, New York, U.S.|
|Political party:||Republican (1854–1886)|
|Other political affiliations:||Whig (before 1854)|
|Children:||3, including Chester II|
|Education:||Union College (BA), State and National Law School|
|Profession:||Lawyer, civil servant|
|Preceded by:||James A. Garfield|
|Succeeded by:||Grover Cleveland|
About Chester A. Arthur
The 21st president of the United States who ascended to office following the assassination of President James A. Garfield.
Chester A. Arthur Before Fame
His successful representation of Elizabeth Jennings Graham in her 1854 civil rights case against the New York City streetcar lines resulted in the desegregation of the city's streetcars.
Achievement of Chester A. Arthur
He was diagnosed with the kidney ailment Bright's disease, later known as nephritis, soon after taking the oath of office, a condition that he attempted to keep private.
Chester A. Arthur Family Life
He married Ellen Lewis Herndon in October 1859, and the couple had three children together.
Associations of Chester A. Arthur
He was passionate in his support of Henry Clay's presidential bid while he was in school, occasionally leading to fisticuffs with James K. Polk supporters.
Information related to Chester A. Arthur
- Chester A. Arthur Category
- Arthur Cottage , ancestral home, Cullybackey , County Antrim , Northern Ireland.
- Julia Sand - Julia I. Sand was an American woman who corresponded with the American President Chester A. Arthur, beginning in late August 1881.
- Republican Party Vice Presidents of the United States
- State and National Law School alumni
- Republican Party Presidents of the United States
- Arthur family
- Garfield administration cabinet members
- Republican Party (United States) vice presidential nominees
- Collectors of the Port of New York
- Vice Presidents of the United States
- Presidents of the United States
- Burials at Albany Rural Cemetery
- People of Vermont in the American Civil War
- 19th-century American Episcopalians
- Union College (New York) alumni