Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit FRS was a physicist, inventor, and scientific instrument maker. Fahrenheit was born in Danzig, then a predominantly German-speaking city in the Pomeranian Voivodeship of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. He later moved to the Dutch Republic at age 15, where he spent the rest of his life and was one of the notable figures in the Golden Age of Dutch science and technology. A pioneer of exact thermometry, he helped lay the foundations for the era of precision thermometry by inventing the mercury-in-glass thermometer and Fahrenheit scale. In other words, Fahrenheit's inventions ushered in the first revolution in the history of thermometry. From the early 1710s until the beginnings of the electronic era, mercury-in-glass thermometers were among the most reliable and accurate thermometers ever invented.
|Born||24 May 1686 (14 May Old Style), Danzig (Gdańsk), Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth|
|Died||September 16, 1736, The Hague, Dutch Republic|
|Known for||Precision thermometry, Alcohol thermometer, Mercury-in-glass thermometer (first widely used, reliable thermometer), Fahrenheit scale (first widely used standardized temperature scale), Fahrenheit hydrometer|
This Polish-born engineer and physicist is most known for establishing the Fahrenheit temperature scale and inventing the modern mercury thermometer. He also worked as a glassblower and a chemistry instructor.
He lived in Copenhagen, Leipzig, Berlin, and Dresden before landing a job as a glassblower in The Hague after pursuing a business career in Amsterdam.
He spent the majority of his life in the Netherlands, despite being a native of Danzig, Poland, and a member of a German family (then called the Dutch Republic). He was Daniel Fahrenheit's and Concordia Schumann's oldest surviving child (who both died in 1701 after ingesting poisonous mushrooms).
The Celsius scale (developed by Anders Celsius) eventually supplanted his Fahrenheit scale in Europe, although it remained the norm of temperature measurement in the United States.
Fahrenheit hydrometer - The Fahrenheit hydrometer is a device used to measure the density of a liquid. It was invented by Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit, better known for his work in thermometry.. 17th-century scientists. 18th-century scientists. 17th-century physicists. Dutch physicists. German inventors. German physicists