Earl Hines

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Date of Birth December 28, 1903
Place of Birth Duquesene, Pennsylvania
Date of Death Apr 23, 1983 (79)
Horoscope Capricorn

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Earl Hines

Earl Kenneth Hines, also known as Earl "Fatha" Hines, was an American jazz pianist and bandleader. He was one of the most influential figures in the development of jazz piano and, according to one source, "one of a small number of pianists whose playing shaped the history of jazz". The trumpeter Dizzy Gillespie wrote, "The piano is the basis of modern harmony. This little guy came out of Chicago, Earl Hines. He changed the style of the piano. You can find the roots of Bud Powell, Herbie Hancock, all the guys who came after that. If it hadn't been for Earl Hines blazing the path for the next generation to come, it's no telling where or how they would be playing now. There were individual variations but the style of... the modern piano came from Earl Hines." The pianist Lennie Tristano said, "Earl Hines is the only one of us capable of creating real jazz and real swing when playing all alone." Horace Silver said, "He has a completely unique style.

Born: December 28, 1903, Duquesne, Pennsylvania, U.S.
Died: April 22, 1983, Oakland, California
Genres: Jazz, swing
Occupation(s): Musician, bandleader
Instruments: Piano
Years active: 1920s–1983
Labels: Columbia, Brunswick, Fantasy, Capitol, RCA Victor, Impulse, Verve, Delmark, Black and Blue, Black Lion, Chiaroscuro
IMDb: Earl Hines's IMDb

About Earl Hines

Influential jazz artist whose contributions to jazz piano helped shape jazz history in meaningful ways. He pioneered bebop.

Before Fame

He moved to Chicago, Illinois, in 1925, which was known as the jazz capital of the world at the time and was famous for Jelly Roll Morton, King Oliver, and other jazz greats.


He gave Charlie Parker his big break, but ended up firing Parker for his inability to show up on time for performances and for his general lack of discipline.

Family Life

He wanted to follow in his father's footsteps and become a cornet player, but playing the instrument hurt him behind the ears, so he embraced the piano. He married wife Janie with whom he fathered actress Janear Hines.


He met Louis Armstrong in Chicago when he was 21, leading to a lengthy collaboration and close friendship between the two.

Information related to Earl Hines

  • Red Baron Records artists
  • Burials at Evergreen Cemetery (Oakland, California)
  • Apollo Records artists
  • Xanadu Records artists
  • Swing bandleaders
  • Swing pianists
  • Gennett Records artists
  • Okeh Records artists
  • Jazz musicians from Illinois
  • Big band bandleaders
  • Musicians from Pittsburgh
  • Decca Records artists
  • Musicians from Chicago
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Latest information about Earl Hines updated on October 25, 2020.

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