Frederik Willem de Klerk is a South African politician who served as State President of South Africa from 1989 to 1994 and as Deputy President from 1994 to 1996. As South Africa's last head of state from the era of white-minority rule, he and his government dismantled the apartheid system and introduced universal suffrage. Ideologically a conservative and an economic liberal, he led the National Party from 1989 to 1997. Born in Johannesburg, South Africa, to an influential Afrikaner family, de Klerk studied at Potchefstroom University before pursuing a career in law. Joining the National Party, to which he had family ties, he was elected to parliament and sat in the white-minority government of P. W. Botha, holding a succession of ministerial posts. As a minister, he supported and enforced apartheid, a system of racial segregation that privileged white South Africans. After Botha resigned in 1989, de Klerk replaced him, first as leader of the National Party and then as State President.
|Born:||March 18, 1936, Johannesburg, Transvaal, South Africa|
|Other political affiliations:||New National|
|Relations:||Johannes de Klerk (father)|
|Children:||Jan, Willem, Susan|
|Residence:||Cape Town, Western Cape|
|Alma mater:||Potchefstroom University (BA, LLB)|
|Preceded by:||P. W. Botha|
|Succeeded by:||Nelson Mandela, as President|
About FW de Klerk
South African president from 1989 to 1994 who, despite being a conservative with a past of supporting racial segregation, brokered the end of apartheid and helped lead South Africa to becoming a multi-racial democracy. He received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993 for his revolutionary efforts.
He rose up in the white-only government through contacts from his father.
It was he who decided to release Nelson Mandela from jail after he had spent 27 years there for fighting apartheid.
He was married to his first wife, Marike de Klerk for 38 years before divorcing her.
He won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993 along with Nelson Mandela for their work ending the apartheid.
Information related to F. W. de Klerk
- South African Nobel laureates
- Members of the Dutch Reformed Church in South Africa
- Education ministers of South Africa
- Ministers of Home Affairs of South Africa
- Deputy Presidents of South Africa
- North-West University alumni
- Apartheid government
- State Presidents of South Africa
- South African Ministers for Sport and Recreation
- National Party (South Africa) politicians
- Members of the House of Assembly of South Africa
- South African lawyers
- Nobel Peace Prize laureates
- Members of the National Assembly of South Africa
- Children of national leaders