James Buchanan Jr. was an American lawyer and politician who served as the 15th president of the United States. He previously served as secretary of state and represented Pennsylvania in both houses of the U.S. Congress. He was a states' rights advocate, and minimized the role of the federal government in the nation's final years of slavery. Modern historians and critics condemn Buchanan for not addressing the issue of slavery or forestalling the secession of the Southern states over it. Historians and scholars consistently rank him as one of the country's worst presidents. Buchanan was a prominent lawyer in Pennsylvania and won his first election to the state's House of Representatives as a Federalist. In 1820, he was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives and retained that post for 11 years, aligning with Andrew Jackson's Democratic Party. He served as Jackson's minister to Russia.
|Born:||April 23, 1791, Cove Gap, Pennsylvania, U.S.|
|Died:||June 1, 1868, Lancaster, Pennsylvania, U.S.|
|Resting place:||Woodward Hill Cemetery|
|Political party:||Federalist (1814–1824), Democratic-Republican (1824–1828), Democratic (1828–1868)|
|Children:||Harriet Lane (adopted)|
|Education:||Dickinson College (BA)|
|Vice President:||John C. Breckinridge|
|Preceded by:||Franklin Pierce|
|Succeeded by:||Abraham Lincoln|
About James Buchanan
15th President of the United States and a lifelong bachelor who also served as President Andrew Jackson's Minister to Russia.
James Buchanan Before Fame
He was offered a spot on the Supreme Court, but turned it down. He helped draft the Ostend Manifesto, which laid down the framework for the U.S. to purchase Cuba from Spain.
Achievement of James Buchanan
He opposed the secession of the Southern states, believing it to be illegal, but did not feel it was wise to go to war over the matter, something that would happen when his successor was elected to the office.
James Buchanan Family Life
He grew up with several siblings. His niece Harriet Lane played the role of First Lady while he was in office.
Associations of James Buchanan
He was succeeded as president by Abraham Lincoln in 1861.
Information related to James Buchanan
- James Buchanan Category
- Historical rankings of United States Presidents - In political studies, surveys have been conducted in order to construct historical rankings of the success of individuals who have served as the president of the United States. Ranking systems are usually based on surveys of academic historians and political scientists or popular opinion.
- Presidential Dollar - The Presidential $1 Coin Program, was the release by the United States Mint of $1 coins with engravings of relief portraits of U.S. presidents on the obverse and the Statue of Liberty on the reverse.
- U.S. Presidents on U.S. postage stamps - Presidents of the United States have frequently appeared on U.S. postage stamps since the mid-19th century. The United States Post Office Department released its first two postage stamps in 1847, featuring George Washington on one, and Benjamin Franklin on the other.
- 18th-century Presbyterians
- Democratic Party Presidents of the United States
- Pennsylvania Jacksonians
- Buchanan County, Virginia
- Polk administration cabinet members
- Democratic Party (United States) presidential nominees
- People of the Utah War
- Pennsylvania Federalists
- 19th-century Presbyterians
- Ambassadors of the United States to Russia
- Presidents of the United States
- Ambassadors of the United States to the United Kingdom
- Buchanan County, Missouri
- Union political leaders
- United States Secretaries of State
- Dickinson College alumni
- Federalist Party members of the United States House of Representatives
- Jacksonian members of the United States House of Representatives
- American Freemasons
- 19th-century American diplomats