James Knox Polk was the 11th president of the United States, serving from 1845 to 1849. He previously was Speaker of the House of Representatives and Governor of Tennessee. A protégé of Andrew Jackson, he was a member of the Democratic Party and an advocate of Jacksonian democracy. Polk is chiefly known for extending the territory of the United States through the Mexican–American War; during his presidency, the United States expanded significantly with the annexation of the Republic of Texas, the Oregon Territory, and the Mexican Cession following the American victory in the Mexican–American War. After building a successful law practice in Tennessee, Polk was elected to the state legislature in 1823 and then to the United States House of Representatives in 1825, becoming a strong supporter of Andrew Jackson. After serving as chairman of the Ways and Means Committee, he became Speaker of the House in 1835, the only president to have been speaker.
|Born:||James Knox Polk, November 2, 1795, Pineville, North Carolina, U.S.|
|Died:||June 15, 1849, Nashville, Tennessee, U.S.|
|Cause of death:||Cholera|
|Resting place:||Tennessee State Capitol|
|Parents:||Samuel Polk, Jane Knox|
|Education:||University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (BA)|
|Vice President:||George M. Dallas|
|Preceded by:||John Tyler|
|Succeeded by:||Zachary Taylor|
About James K. Polk
Eleventh President of the United States who led the nation to victory in the Mexican-American War, which gave the U.S. most of its present Southwest.
James K. Polk Before Fame
He worked as a clerk for the Tennessee State Senate after graduating from the University of North Carolina.
Achievement of James K. Polk
He was nicknamed the Napoleon of the Stump for his oratorical effectiveness. He was the first president of whom there exist surviving photographs.
James K. Polk Family Life
He was distantly related to religious reformer John Knox through his mother. He married Sarah Childress in 1824, but they did not have children.
Associations of James K. Polk
He was succeeded by Zachary Taylor.
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- James K. Polk Category
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