James Oglethorpe

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Date of Birth December 22, 1696
Place of Birth England
Date of Death Jun 30, 1785 (88)
Horoscope Capricorn

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James Oglethorpe

James Edward Oglethorpe was a British soldier, Member of Parliament, and philanthropist, as well as the founder of the colony of Georgia. As a social reformer, he hoped to resettle Britain's worthy poor in the New World, initially focusing on those in debtors' prisons.

Born: December 22, 1696, Godalming, Surrey, England
Died: June 30, 1785, Cranham, Essex, England
Spouse(s): Elizabeth (née Wright)
Alma mater: Eton College, Corpus Christi, Oxford, a military academy, Paris, France
Profession: Statesman, soldier, agriculturalist
Preceded by: Office created
Succeeded by: William Stephens

About James Oglethorpe

British statesman who's known to have founded the colony of Georgia.

Before Fame

He became a leading humanitarian after becoming a member of the Parliament in 1722.


He persuaded the British Parliament to resettle London's poor and criminals in the New World colony of Georgia.

Family Life

He was born the son of Sir Theophilus Oglethorpe and Lady Eleanor Oglethorpe. He was married to Elizabeth Oglethorpe.


He paid a visit to John Adams in London when he was the U.S. Ambassador for England.

Information related to James Oglethorpe

  • Fort Frederica National Monument - Fort Frederica National Monument, on St. Simons Island, Georgia, preserves the archaeological remnants of a fort and town built by James Oglethorpe between 1736 and 1748 to protect the southern boundary of the British colony of Georgia from Spanish raids.
  • Battle of Bloody Marsh - The Battle of Bloody Marsh was a battle that took place on July 7, 1742 between Spanish and British forces on St. Simons Island, part of the Province of Georgia, resulting in a victory for the British.
  • Dungeness (Cumberland Island, Georgia) - Dungeness on Cumberland Island, Georgia, is a ruined mansion that is part of a historic district that was the home of several families significant in American history. James Oglethorpe first built on Cumberland Island in 1736, building a hunting lodge that he named Dungeness.
  • Georgia Experiment - The Georgia Experiment was the colonial-era policy prohibiting the ownership of slaves in the Georgia Colony.
  • Oglethorpe Plan - The Oglethorpe plan is an urban planning idea that was most famously used when Savannah, Georgia was founded in the 18th century.
  • People related to the history of the Georgia Salzburgers
  • Barons in the Jacobite peerage
  • People of Georgia (British colony)
  • Pre-statehood history of Georgia (U.S. state)
  • Colonial governors of Georgia (U.S. state)
  • English abolitionists
  • British Army personnel of the War of the Austrian Succession
  • English Freemasons
  • Alumni of Corpus Christi College, Oxford
  • English Anglicans
  • English philanthropists
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Latest information about James Oglethorpe updated on July 03, 2020.

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