Johannes Gensfleisch zur Laden zum Gutenberg was a German inventor, printer, publisher, and goldsmith who introduced printing to Europe with his mechanical movable-type printing press. The use of movable type was a marked improvement on the handwritten manuscript, which was the existing method of book production in Europe, and upon woodblock printing, and revolutionized European book-making. Gutenberg's printing technology spread rapidly throughout Europe and later the world. His major work, the Gutenberg Bible, was the first printed version of the Bible and has been acclaimed for its high aesthetic and technical quality. His work started the Printing Revolution in Europe and is regarded as a milestone of the second millennium, ushering in the modern period of human history; an overview of the wide acclaim of Gutenberg's accomplishments is found in several sources. In 1999, the A&E Network ranked Gutenberg no. 1 on their "People of the Millennium" countdown.
|Born||Johannes Gensfleisch zur Laden zum Gutenberg, c. 1400, Mainz, Electorate of Mainz, Holy Roman Empire|
|Died||February 3, 1468 (aged about 68), Mainz, Electorate of Mainz, Holy Roman Empire|
|Occupation||Engraver, inventor, and printer|
|Known for||The invention of the movable-type printing press|
German blacksmith who invented the first printing press with moveable type, which started the Printing Revolution of the 15th and 16th century. His invention aided in the increase of reading in Europe and boosted the middle class.
When an uprising against the wealthy happened in Mainz, Germany, he was forced to flee his home.
The Gutenberg Bible, which was praised for its aesthetic and technical qualities, was his signature accomplishment.
Friele Gensfleisch zur Laden and Else Wyrich were his parents.
Martin Luther was able to convey his thoughts about Christianity more swiftly thanks to Gutenberg's advancements with print.
Johannes Gutenberg Category. History of books - The history of books became an acknowledged academic discipline in the 1980s. Contributors to the discipline include specialists from the fields of textual scholarship, codicology, bibliography, philology, palaeography, art history, social history and cultural history.. German goldsmiths. 15th-century printers. Medieval German merchants. University of Erfurt alumni. History of printing. Printers of incunabula. German printers. German inventors. German Roman Catholics