John Bartram

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Date of Birth March 23, 1699
Place of Birth Pennsylvania
Date of Death Sep 2, 1777 (78)
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John Bartram was an early American botanist, horticulturist and explorer. Carl Linnaeus said he was the "greatest natural botanist in the world."

Born: March 23, 1699, Darby, Pennsylvania Colony
Died: September 22, 1777, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Colony
Resting place: Darby Friends Cemetery, Darby, Pennsylvania
Nationality: American
Fields: botanist

About John Bartram

Eighteenth century American botanist who introduced "New World" plants to European gardeners and botanists.

Before Fame

He grew up in a Quaker family and became a farmer with a self-taught knowledge of medicine and medicinal plants.


He was elected to the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences as a foreign member in 1769.

Family Life

He was married to Mary Maris from 1723 to her death in 1727 and later married Ann Mendenhall. He had eleven children total.


Carl Linnaeus called him the "greatest natural botanist in the world".

Information related to John Bartram

  • Darby Meeting - The Darby Meeting or Darby Friends Meeting House is located in Darby, Pennsylvania. The first recorded minutes of the meeting are dated July 2, 1684, not long after William Penn landed in nearby Chester to establish the colony of Pennsylvania.
  • Darby Free Library - Darby Free Library is a public library at 1001 Main Street in Darby Borough, Delaware County, Pennsylvania.
  • Franklinia - Franklinia is a monotypic genus in the tea plant family, Theaceae. The sole species in this genus is a flowering tree, Franklinia alatamaha, commonly called the Franklin tree, and native to the Altamaha River valley in Georgia in the southeastern United States.
  • Humphry Marshall - Humphry Marshall was an American botanist and plant dealer.
  • Thomas Say - Thomas Say was an American entomologist, conchologist, and herpetologist.
  • 18th-century Quakers
  • 17th-century Quakers
  • Botanists active in North America
  • American horticulturists
  • Members of the American Philosophical Society
  • People of colonial Pennsylvania
  • American Quakers
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Latest information about John Bartram updated on October 28, 2020.

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