Louis XVI was the last king of France before the fall of the monarchy during the French Revolution. He was referred to as Citizen Louis Capet during the four months just before he was guillotined. In 1765, upon the death of his father, Louis, Dauphin of France, he became the new Dauphin. Upon his grandfather Louis XV's death on 10 May 1774, he assumed the title King of France and Navarre, until 4 September 1791, when he received the title of King of the French until the monarchy was abolished on 21 September 1792. The first part of his reign was marked by attempts to reform the French government in accordance with Enlightenment ideas. These included efforts to abolish serfdom, remove the taille and the corvée, and increase tolerance toward non-Catholics as well as the abolition of the death penalty for deserters. The French nobility reacted to the proposed reforms with hostility, and successfully opposed their implementation.
|Born:||August 23, 1754, Palace of Versailles, France|
|Died:||January 21, 1793, Place de la Révolution, Paris, France|
|Burial:||21 January 1815, Basilica of St Denis|
|Issue:||Marie Thérèse, Queen of France, Louis Joseph, Dauphin of France, Louis XVII of France, Princess Sophie|
|Father:||Louis, Dauphin of France|
|Mother:||Maria Josepha of Saxony|
About Louis XVI
Late 18th-century French monarch who died at the guillotine during the French Revolution. He supported North American colonists with his 1783 Treaty of Paris, and wished them to free themselves from Great Britain.
He became the French Dauphin at age eleven, upon the death of his father from tuberculosis. He became King of France when he was just twenty years old and was ill-prepared for the position.
He was the only French King in history to be executed, and his death ended monarchial rule in France.
He was the grandson of King Louis XV of France, and he married his cousin, Marie Antoinette (the daughter of the Holy Roman Emperor and Empress). He and Marie Antoinette became parents to two daughters and two sons between 1778 and 1786.
He was portrayed by actor Robert Morley in the 1938 film, Marie Antoinette.
Information related to Louis XVI of France
- Louis XVI of France Category
- Dukes of Berry
- People executed for treason against France
- Publicly executed people
- Dauphins of France
- Princes of Andorra
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- 18th-century peers of France
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- Burials at the Basilica of St Denis
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