Martin Luther King Jr. was an American Christian minister and activist who became the most visible spokesperson and leader in the Civil Rights Movement from 1955 until his assassination in 1968. King is best known for advancing civil rights through nonviolence and civil disobedience, inspired by his Christian beliefs and the nonviolent activism of Mahatma Gandhi. King led the 1955 Montgomery bus boycott and later became the first president of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. As president of the SCLC, he then led an unsuccessful 1962 struggle against segregation in Albany, Georgia, and helped organize the nonviolent 1963 protests in Birmingham, Alabama. He helped organize the 1963 March on Washington, where he delivered his famous "I Have a Dream" speech on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial. On October 14, 1964, King won the Nobel Peace Prize for combating racial inequality through nonviolent resistance. In 1965, he helped organize the Selma to Montgomery marches.
|Born:||Michael King Jr, January 15, 1929, Atlanta, Georgia, U.S.|
|Died:||April 4, 1968, Memphis, Tennessee, U.S.|
|Cause of death:||Assassination (gunshot wound)|
|Children:||Yolanda, Martin, Dexter, Bernice|
|Parents:||Martin Luther King Sr, Alberta Williams King|
|Known for:||Civil rights movement, Peace movement|
|IMDb:||Martin Luther King Jr.'s IMDb|
About Martin Luther King Jr.
African-American Civil Rights Movement leader and clergyman who used civil disobedience to combat institutionalized racism. He is remembered best for his iconic "I Have A Dream Speech," which he gave in front of the Lincoln Memorial during the 1963 March on Washington. He received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964.
At age 25, he became the pastor at Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in Alabama.
He helped found the Southern Christian Leadership Conference and he led the 1955 Montgomery Bus Boycott, which helped end racial segregation on the public transit systems.
He married Coretta Scott on June 18, 1953 in Heiberger, Alabama. He had two sons, Dexter and Martin III, and two daughters, Yolanda and Bernice.
He traveled to India in April 1959 after being inspired by the nonviolent protests of Mahatma Gandhi.
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