Jack Roosevelt Robinson was an American professional baseball player who became the first African American to play in Major League Baseball in the modern era. Robinson broke the baseball color line when he started at first base for the Brooklyn Dodgers on April 15, 1947. When the Dodgers signed Robinson, they heralded the end of racial segregation in professional baseball that had relegated black players to the Negro leagues since the 1880s. Robinson was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1962. During his 10-year MLB career, Robinson won the inaugural Rookie of the Year Award in 1947, was an All-Star for six consecutive seasons from 1949 through 1954, and won the National League Most Valuable Player Award in 1949—the first black player so honored. Robinson played in six World Series and contributed to the Dodgers' 1955 World Series championship.
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About Jackie Robinson
The first African American baseball player in the major leagues, he helped the Brooklyn Dodgers win the World Series in 1955 and won the National League MVP award in 1949. He was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1962.
Jackie Robinson Before Fame
He joined a gang to combat the exclusion of blacks in Cairo, Georgia, but his friend Carl Anderson convinced him to put his energy elsewhere. He was drafted into a cavalry unit in Fort Riley, Kansas, where the race-neutral Officer Candidate School accepted his application.
Achievement of Jackie Robinson
In 1997, his #42 jersey was retired by all major league teams. His legacy was further honored with the introduction of Jackie Robinson Day, where every player across the league wears #42.
Jackie Robinson Family Life
He was married to Rachel Robinson from 1946 until his death. He had three children: Sharon, David and Jackie Jr.
Associations of Jackie Robinson
He was a key player for the Dodgers during the 1955 World Series, defeating Mickey Mantle and the New York Yankees in seven games.
Information related to Jackie Robinson
- Jackie Robinson Category
- Civil Rights Game (including MLB Beacon Awards).
- DHL Hometown Heroes - DHL Hometown Heroes was a 2006 promotional event, sponsored by shipping company DHL, where Major League Baseball fans were encouraged to vote for the most outstanding player in the history of each MLB franchise.
- Glass ceiling - A glass ceiling is a metaphor used to represent an invisible barrier that prevents a given demographic from rising beyond a certain level in a hierarchy. The metaphor was first coined by feminists in reference to barriers in the careers of high-achieving women.
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