Maurits Cornelis Escher was a Dutch graphic artist who made mathematically inspired woodcuts, lithographs, and mezzotints. Despite wide popular interest, Escher was for long somewhat neglected in the art world, even in his native Netherlands. He was 70 before a retrospective exhibition was held. In the late twentieth century, he became more widely appreciated, and in the twenty-first century he has been celebrated in exhibitions across the world. His work features mathematical objects and operations including impossible objects, explorations of infinity, reflection, symmetry, perspective, truncated and stellated polyhedra, hyperbolic geometry, and tessellations. Although Escher believed he had no mathematical ability, he interacted with the mathematicians George Pólya, Roger Penrose, Harold Coxeter and crystallographer Friedrich Haag, and conducted his own research into tessellation.
|Born||Maurits Cornelis Escher, June 17, 1898, Leeuwarden, Netherlands|
|Died||March 27, 1972, Hilversum, Netherlands|
|Resting place||Baarn, Netherlands|
|Education||Technical College of Delft, Haarlem School of Architecture and Decorative Arts|
|Known for||Drawing, printmaking|
|Notable work||Hand with Reflecting Sphere (1935), Relativity (1953), Waterfall (1961)|
|Awards||Knight (1955) and Officer (1967) of the Order of Orange-Nassau|
Graphic artist known for his woodcuts and lithographs and for his mathematically inspired examination of infinity, architecture, and tessellations. He also enjoyed sketching landscapes, nature, and insects.
He was taught by Samuel Jessurun de Mesquita. He completed his first artistic work in 1922; it depicted eight human heads across different planes. His first experiment with impossible reality was in "Still Life and Street" from 1937.
His famous work, "Relativity," showed stairs that overlap and intersect.
He was ill for much of his childhood and failed the second grade, despite the fact that he excelled in drawing. He married Jetta Umiker in 1924, and the couple settled in Rome, Italy with their three sons, Arthur, Giorgio and Jan.
He and fellow artist Vincent Van Gogh were both born in The Netherlands.
- M. C. Escher Category
- Victor Vasarely - Victor Vasarely, was a Hungarian-French artist, who is widely accepted as a "grandfather" and leader of the Op art movement. His work entitled Zebra, created in the 1930s, is considered by some to be one of the earliest examples of Op art.
- Dutch draughtsmen
- Dutch printmakers
- Mathematical artists
- Modern printmakers
- Dutch illustrators
- Dutch engravers
- Officers of the Order of Orange-Nassau
- Knights of the Order of Orange-Nassau
- Delft University of Technology alumni
Latest information about MC Escher updated on June 14 2021.