Osama bin Mohammed bin Awad bin Laden, also rendered Usama bin Ladin, was a founder of the pan-Islamic militant organization al-Qaeda. He was a Saudi Arabian citizen until 1994 and a member of the wealthy bin Laden family. Bin Laden's father was Mohammed bin Awad bin Laden, a Saudi millionaire from Hadhramaut, Yemen, and the founder of the construction company, Saudi Binladin Group. His mother, Alia Ghanem, was from a secular middle-class family based in Latakia, Syria. He was born in Saudi Arabia and studied at university in the country until 1979, when he joined Mujahideen forces in Pakistan fighting against the Soviet Union in Afghanistan. He helped to fund the Mujahideen by funneling arms, money and fighters from the Arab world into Afghanistan, and gained popularity among many Arabs. In 1988, he formed al-Qaeda. He was banished from Saudi Arabia in 1992, and shifted his base to Sudan, until U.S. pressure forced him to leave Sudan in 1996.
|Born:||Osama bin Mohammed bin Awad bin Ladin, March 10, 1957, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia|
|Died:||May 2, 2011, Abbottabad, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan|
|Cause of death:||Gunshot wound|
|Citizenship:||Saudi Arabian (1957–1994), Stateless (1994–2011)|
|Children:||20–26, including Abdallah, Saad, Omar and Hamza|
|IMDb:||Osama bin Laden's IMDb|
About Osama bin Laden
International terrorist leader of Al Qaeda. The architect of the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center in New York City, he was located and killed in a covert United States operation in 2011.
During his younger years, he studied religion and poetry in Saudi Arabia.
Before he became Public Enemy number one, he worked with the U.S. government against the Soviets.
He fathered twenty to twenty-six children with five of six wives.
Operation Neptune Spear, ordered by U.S. President Barack Obama, resulted in bin Laden's death.
Information related to Osama bin Laden
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- Islamic extremism - Islamic extremism is any form of Islam that opposes "democracy, the rule of law, individual liberty and mutual respect and tolerance of different faiths and beliefs." Related terms include Islamist extremism and radical Islam. It is not to be confused with Islamism, which is politicized Islam.
- Islamic fundamentalism - Islamic fundamentalism has been defined as a movement of Muslims who regard earlier times favorably and seek to return to the fundamentals of the Islamic religion and live similarly to how the Islamic prophet Muhammad and his companions lived.
- Islamic terrorism - Islamic terrorism, Islamist terrorism or radical Islamic terrorism are terrorist acts against civilians committed by violent Islamists who claim a religious motivation.
- Militant Islamism - Islamism is a concept whose meaning has been debated in both public and academic contexts.
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