Pope John Paul II was head of the Catholic Church and sovereign of the Vatican City State from 1978 to 2005. He was elected pope by the second papal conclave of 1978, which was called after Pope John Paul I, who had been elected in August to succeed Pope Paul VI, died after 33 days. Cardinal Wojtyła was elected on the third day of the conclave and adopted the name of his predecessor in tribute to him. John Paul II is recognised as helping to end Communist rule in his native Poland and eventually all of Europe. John Paul II significantly improved the Catholic Church's relations with Judaism, Islam, and the Eastern Orthodox Church. He upheld the Church's teachings on such matters as the right to life, artificial contraception, the ordination of women, and a celibate clergy, and although he supported the reforms of the Second Vatican Council, he was seen as generally conservative in their interpretation.
|Installed:||16 October 1978|
|Term ended:||2 April 2005|
|Predecessor:||John Paul I|
|Ordination:||1 November 1946, by Adam Stefan Sapieha|
|Consecration:||28 September 1958, by Eugeniusz Baziak|
|Created Cardinal:||26 June 1967, by Paul VI|
|Birth name:||Karol Józef Wojtyła|
|Born:||May 18, 1920, Wadowice, Second Polish Republic|
|Died:||April 2, 2005, Apostolic Palace, Vatican City|
|Previous post:||Auxiliary Bishop of Kraków, Poland (1958–1964), Titular Bishop of Ombi (1958–1964), Archbishop of Kraków, Poland (1964–1978), Cardinal-Priest of San Cesareo in Palatio (1967–1978)|
|Motto:||Totus Tuus, (Totally yours)|
|Feast day:||22 October|
|Venerated in:||Catholic Church|
|Beatified:||1 May 2011, St. Peter's Square, Vatican City, by Benedict XVI|
|Canonized:||27 April 2014, St. Peter's Square, Vatican City, by Francis|
|Attributes:||Papal ferula, Papal vestments|
|Patronage:||Poland, Archdiocese of Kraków, World Youth Day (co-Patron), World Meeting of Families 2015 (co-patron), Young Catholics, Families, Świdnica, Trecastelli, Borgo Mantovano, Rivignano Teor Paradahan, Tanza, Cavite|
|IMDb:||Pope John Paul II's IMDb|
About Pope John Paul II
Second longest-serving pope in history who was the leader of the Catholic Church from 1978 to 2005. He was one of the most influential leaders of the 20th century who worked to bring together Christians, Jews, and Muslims. He was canonized as a Saint in April of 2014.
He was a playwright who would also perform with various theatre groups.
He was one of the most travelled world leaders in history, visiting 129 countries during his pontificate and helping end Communist rule in his native Poland and eventually all of Europe.
He had two older siblings.
He was the pope of the Catholic Church and was succeeded by Pope Benedict XVI.
Information related to Pope John Paul II
- Pope John Paul II Category
- Cardinals created by John Paul II - Pope John Paul II created 231 cardinals in nine consistories held at roughly three-year intervals. Three of those cardinals were first created in pectore, that is, without their names being announced, and only identified by the pope later.
- Compendium of the Social Doctrine of the Church - The Compendium of the Social Doctrine of the Church was published in 2004 by the Pontifical Council for Justice and Peace at the request of John Paul II. Catholic social teaching deals with "questions concerning life in society" of which the Compendium aspires to present "a precise but complete...
- Museum of John Paul II and Primate Wyszynski - The Museum of John Paul II and Primate Wyszyński is a Roman Catholic cultural and educational institution affiliated with the Archdiocese of Warsaw, honoring two prominent Polish Catholic leaders: Saint John Paul II, the first Polish Pope, and Cardinal Stefan Wyszyński, the Archbishop of Warsaw...
- Papal travel - Papal travel outside Rome has been historically rare, and voluntary travel was non-existent for the first 500 years. Pope John Paul II undertook more pastoral trips than all his predecessors combined.
- Peter Le Jacq - Peter Le Jacq is a Maryknoll priest who was the Special Consultant to Pope John Paul II on AIDS in East Africa.
- Bolesław Taborski - Bolesław Taborski was a Polish poet, literary and drama theoretician, essayist, prolific translator of English and Polish, and a long serving BBC Polish Section editor and presenter.
- Polish human rights activists
- Polish democracy activists
- John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin faculty
- Polish Esperantists
- Amateur chess players
- Polish Roman Catholic theologians
- Anti–Iraq War activists
- Polish anti-fascists
- 20th-century popes
- Polish Roman Catholic saints
- Divine Mercy
- Polish cardinals
- Anti-war activists
- Burials at St. Peter's Basilica
- John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin alumni
- Christian humanists
- Canonizations by Pope Francis
- 21st-century popes
- Polish anti-communists
- Polish beatified people
- Papal saints
- Recipients of the Silver World Award
- Shooting survivors
- Venerated Catholics by Pope Benedict XVI
- Beatifications by Pope Benedict XVI
- Pontifical University of St. Thomas Aquinas alumni
- Polish people of World War II
- Cardinals created by Pope Paul VI
- Polish philosophers
- Polish poets
- Anti-poverty advocates
- International opponents of apartheid in South Africa
- Jagiellonian University faculty
- Nonviolence advocates
- Sustainability advocates
- Jagiellonian University alumni
- Anti-apartheid activists
- Congressional Gold Medal recipients
- 21st-century Roman Catholic archbishops
- 20th-century venerated Christians
- Presidential Medal of Freedom recipients