Sigmund Freud

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Date of Birth May 6, 1856
Place of Birth Pribor, Czech Republic
Date of Death Sep 23, 1939 (83)
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Sigmund Freud

Sigmund Freud was an Austrian neurologist and the founder of psychoanalysis, a clinical method for treating psychopathology through dialogue between a patient and a psychoanalyst. Freud was born to Galician Jewish parents in the Moravian town of Freiberg, in the Austrian Empire. He qualified as a doctor of medicine in 1881 at the University of Vienna. Upon completing his habilitation in 1885, he was appointed a docent in neuropathology and became an affiliated professor in 1902. Freud lived and worked in Vienna, having set up his clinical practice there in 1886. In 1938, Freud left Austria to escape the Nazis. He died in exile in the United Kingdom in 1939. In founding psychoanalysis, Freud developed therapeutic techniques such as the use of free association and discovered transference, establishing its central role in the analytic process.

Born: Sigismund Schlomo Freud, May 6, 1856, Freiberg in Mähren, Moravia, Austrian Empire, (now Příbor, Czech Republic)
Died: September 23, 1939, Hampstead, London, United Kingdom
Fields: Neurology, psychotherapy, psychoanalysis
Institutions: University of Vienna
Alma mater: University of Vienna (MD)
Academic advisors: Franz Brentano, Ernst Brücke, Carl Claus
Known for: Psychoanalysis
Influences: Brentano, Breuer, Charcot, Darwin, Dostoyevsky, Empedocles, Fechner, Fliess, Goethe, von Hartmann
Notable awards: Goethe Prize (1930), Foreign Member of the Royal Society
Spouse: Martha Bernays (m. 1886)
Children: Mathilde, Jean-Martin, Oliver, Ernst, Sophie, and Anna
IMDb: Sigmund Freud's IMDb
iTunes: Sigmund Freud's iTunes

About Sigmund Freud

Father of Modern Psychiatry who was the first to come up with psychiatric concepts such as the unconscious, the Ego, and the Oedipal Complex. He was known for analyzing his patient's dreams and he theorized that dreams themselves were forms of wish-fulfillment.

Before Fame

At the University of Vienna he studied zoology and in 1876 he spent four weeks at Claus's zoological research station in Trieste, dissecting hundreds of eels in an inconclusive search for their male reproductive organs.


His seduction theory postulated that every neurosis can be traced back to the effects of infantile sexual abuse but he later abandoned it in favor of the Oedipus complex, which presupposes an autonomous infantile sexuality.

Family Life

He married Martha Bernays in 1886 and they had six children together.


He founded psychoanalysis and inspired other psychologists like B.F. Skinner.

Information related to Sigmund Freud

  • The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud - The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud is a complete edition of the works of Sigmund Freud. It was translated from the German under the general editorship of James Strachey, in collaboration with Anna Freud, assisted by Alix Strachey and Alan Tyson.
  • Sigmund Freud Archives - The Sigmund Freud Archives mainly consist of a trove of documents housed at the US Library of Congress and in the former residence of Sigmund Freud during the last year of his life at 20 Maresfield Gardens in northwest London.
  • Freud Museum (London).
  • Sigmund Freud Museum (Vienna) - The Sigmund Freud Museum in Vienna is a museum founded in 1971 covering Sigmund Freud's life story. It is located in the Alsergrund district, at Berggasse 19.
  • A Clinical Lesson at the Salpêtrière - A Clinical Lesson at the Salpêtrière is an 1887 group tableau portrait painted by the history and genre artist André Brouillet.
  • Afterwardsness - In the psychoanalysis of Sigmund Freud, afterwardsness is a "mode of belated understanding or retroactive attribution of sexual or traumatic meaning to earlier events... from the German word Nachträglichkeit, translated as deferred action, retroaction, après-coup, afterwardsness".
  • Austrian atheists
  • Academics and writers on narcissism
  • 20th-century Austrian physicians
  • Austrian neurologists
  • 19th-century Austrian writers
  • Freud family
  • Austrian psychoanalysts
  • 20th-century Austrian writers
  • Austrian emigrants to England
  • Golders Green Crematorium
  • Critics of religions
  • History of psychiatry
  • Austrian male writers
  • Jewish atheists
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Latest information about Sigmund Freud updated on September 24, 2020.

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