Thomas Macdonough, Jr. was an early-19th-century Irish-American naval officer noted for his roles in the first Barbary War and the War of 1812. He was the son of a revolutionary officer, Thomas Macdonough, Sr. who lived near Middletown, Delaware. He was the sixth child from a family of ten siblings and was raised in the countryside. He entered naval life at an early age, receiving a midshipman's commission at the age of sixteen. Serving with Stephen Decatur at Tripoli, he was a member of "Preble's Boys", a select group of U.S. naval officers who served under the command of Commodore Preble during the First Barbary War. Macdonough achieved fame during the War of 1812, commanding the American naval forces that defeated the British navy at the Battle of Lake Champlain, part of the larger Battle of Plattsburgh, which helped lead to an end to that war.
|Born:||December 30, 1783, The Trap, New Castle County, Delaware|
|Died:||November 10, 1825, at sea aboard USS Edwin, near Gibraltar|
|Place of burial:||Middletown, Connecticut|
|Service/branch:||United States Navy|
|Years of service:||1800–1810, 1812–1825|
|Commands held:||Lake Champlain squadron, Commandant, Portsmouth Naval Shipyard 1815‑18, USSGuerriere, USSConstitution|
|Battles/wars:||Quasi War, First Barbary War, –Battle of Tripoli Harbor, War of 1812, –Battle of Lake Champlain|
|Awards:||Congressional Gold Medal|
|Relations:||Thomas Macdonough, Sr. (father), James Macdonough (brother), Augustus Rodney Macdonough (son)|
About Thomas MacDonough
American naval officer who served in the first Barbary War and the War of 1812 and was a member of Preble's Boys.
He worked as a clerk in Middletown before joining the Navy.
The city in which he was born, New Castle County, was renamed in his honor to MacDonough in Delaware.
He was married to Ann Shaler.
Another influential person from Delaware like him was James Ponder.
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- 19th-century American naval officers
- American military personnel of the Quasi-War
- American military personnel of the First Barbary War
- People who died at sea
- Congressional Gold Medal recipients