Tomoyuki Yamashita was a Japanese general of the Imperial Japanese Army during World War II. Yamashita led Japanese forces during the invasion of Malaya and Battle of Singapore, with his accomplishment of conquering Malaya and Singapore in 70 days earning him the sobriquet "The Tiger of Malaya" and led to the British Prime Minister Winston Churchill calling the ignominious fall of Singapore to Japan the "worst disaster" and "largest capitulation" in British military history. Yamashita was assigned to defend the Philippines from the advancing Allied forces later in the war, and while unable to prevent the Allied advance, he was able to hold on to part of Luzon until after the formal Surrender of Japan in August 1945. After the war, Yamashita was tried for war crimes committed by troops under his command during the Japanese defense of the occupied Philippines in 1944.
|Born:||November 8, 1885, Ōtoyo, Kōchi, Japan|
|Died:||February 23, 1946, Los Baños, Laguna, Commonwealth of the Philippines|
|Cause of death:||Hanging|
|Resting place:||Tama Reien Cemetery, Fuchū, Tokyo, Japan|
|Alma mater:||Imperial Japanese Army Academy|
|Civilian awards:||Order of the Golden Kite, Order of the Rising Sun, Order of the Sacred Treasure|
|Preceded by:||Shigenori Kuroda|
|Succeeded by:||Office abolished|
About Tomoyuki Yamashita
Imperial Japanese Army general in World War II, who conquered Malaya and Singapore and whose trial for war crimes set a legal precedent called the "Yamashita Standard."
In 1905, he graduated from the Imperial Japanese Army Academy and became second lieutenant.
He attempted to defend the Philippines from allied troops, but the breakdown of the chain of communication led to the Manila Massacre.
In 1916, he married Hisaki Nagayama.
After being sentenced to death, he appealed for clemency to President Harry S. Truman, but his request was denied.
Information related to Tomoyuki Yamashita
- Yamashita's gold - Yamashita's gold, also referred to as the Yamashita treasure, is the name given to the alleged war loot stolen in Southeast Asia by Imperial Japanese forces during World War II and hidden in caves, tunnels, underground complexes, or just underground in the Philippines.
- Japanese people executed abroad
- 20th-century executions by the United States military
- People executed by the United States military by hanging
- Military history of Malaya during World War II
- Japanese people convicted of war crimes
- People executed for war crimes
- Executed Japanese people
- Recipients of the Order of the Golden Kite
- Executed military leaders
- Grand Cordons of the Order of the Rising Sun
- Japanese generals