Wolfgang Köhler was a German psychologist and phenomenologist, like Max Wertheimer and Kurt Koffka, who contributed to Gestalt psychology. During the Nazi regime in Germany, he opposed the dismissal of Jewish professors from universities and asked professors to salute the Nazis at the start of their classes. In 1935 he left the country for the United States, where Swarthmore College in Pennsylvania offered him a chair. He taught with his faculty for 20 years and continued his studies. A Survey of General Psychology, published in 2002, ranked Köhler the 50th most-cited psychologist of the 20th century
|Born||21 January 1887, Reval (now Tallinn), Governorate of Estonia, Russian Empire|
|Died||June 11, 1967, Enfield, New Hampshire, U.S.|
|Alma mater||University of Bonn|
German psychologist and phenomenologist who made great contributions to the creation of Gestalt psychology. His 1918 book The Mentality of Apes tackled the complex subject of problem solving.
He was educated at the University of Tubingen, the University of Bonn, and the University of Berlin.
He became professor and director of the Psychological Institute at the University of Berlin in the early 1920s.
He was born in Reval, which is now Tallinn, to a family of German origin.
He was born in the same country as poet Ivar Ivask.
- Bouba / kiki effect - The bouba / kiki effect is an arbitrary correspondence between the sound of words and the visual appearance of an object. It was first recorded by Wolfgang Köhler in 1929 in meaningless terms.
- The Berlin School of Experimental Psychology - Berlin School of Experimental Psychology was founded by Carl Stumpf, pupil of Franz Brentano and Hermann Lotze and professor at the University of Berlin. It follows the experimental phenomenological method, understands it as the science of phenomena.
- Max Wertheimer - Max Wertheimer is an Austro-Hungarian psychologist who is one of the three founders of Gestalt psychology, along with Kurt Koffka and Wolfgang Köhler. He is best known for his book Productivity Thinking and has seen non-phenomena as part of his work in Gestalt psychology.
- Kurt Koffka - Kurt Koffka is a German psychologist and teacher. He was born and educated in Berlin, Germany, then died in Northampton, Massachusetts due to coronary thrombosis. He was influenced by his mother's uncle, a biologist, to pursue science.
- Kurt Lewin - Kurt Lewin is a German-American psychologist known as one of the modern pioneers of social, organizational and applied psychology in the United States.
- Pál Schiller Harkai - Pál Harkai Schiller, also known as Paul von Schiller, is a Hungarian philosopher and psychologist. In 1936, he organized the Psychology Institute of the University of Budapest.
- Gestalt psychologists
- The Russian royal family emigrated to Germany
- President of the American Psychological Association
- German psychologists
- Baltic Germans
- Former students of the University of Bonn
- Migrants from the Russian Empire to the United States
Latest information about Wolfgang Kohler updated on June 14 2021.