Archibald Cox

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Date of Birth May 17, 1912
Place of Birth New Jersey
Date of Death May 29, 2004 (92)
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Archibald Cox

Archibald Cox Jr. was an American lawyer and law professor who served as U.S. Solicitor General under President John F. Kennedy and as a special prosecutor during the Watergate scandal. During his career, he was a pioneering expert on labor law and was also an authority on constitutional law. The Journal of Legal Studies has identified Cox as one of the most cited legal scholars of the 20th century. Cox was Senator John F. Kennedy's labor advisor and in 1961, President Kennedy appointed him solicitor general, an office he held for four and a half years. Cox became famous when, under mounting pressure and charges of corruption against persons closely associated with Richard Nixon, Attorney General nominee Elliot Richardson appointed him as Special Prosecutor to oversee the federal criminal investigation into the Watergate burglary and other related crimes that became popularly known as the Watergate scandal.

Born: May 17, 1912, Plainfield, New Jersey, U.S.
Died: May 29, 2004, Brooksville, Maine, U.S.
Political party: Democratic
Children: 3
Education: Harvard University (BA, LLB)
Deputy: Henry Ruth Jr.
Preceded by: Newbold Morris
Succeeded by: Leon Jaworski

About Archibald Cox

Lawyer and U.S. Solicitor General for President John F. Kennedy.

Before Fame

He attended Harvard Law School and later worked at a law firm.


He was awarded the Presidential Citizens Medal by President Bill Clinton in 2001.

Family Life

His great grandfather was William M. Evarts, the lawyer who defended President Andrew Johnson during his impeachment hearing.


He was the special prosecutor during the Watergate scandal involving Richard Nixon.

Information related to Archibald Cox

  • Law clerks of Judge Learned Hand
  • Writers from Plainfield, New Jersey
  • Watergate scandal investigators
  • United States Solicitors General
  • Presidential Citizens Medal recipients
  • Harvard Law School faculty
  • American legal writers
  • American prosecutors
  • Members of the American Philosophical Society
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Latest information about Archibald Cox updated on July 06, 2020.

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