Carl Friedrich Gauss

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Date of Birth April 30, 1777
Place of Birth Braunschweig, Germany
Date of Death Feb 23, 1855 (77)
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Carl Friedrich Gauss

Johann Carl Friedrich Gauss was a German mathematician and physicist who made significant contributions to many fields in mathematics and science. Sometimes referred to as the Princeps mathematicorum and "the greatest mathematician since antiquity", Gauss had an exceptional influence in many fields of mathematics and science, and is ranked among history's most influential mathematicians.

Born: Johann Carl Friedrich Gauss, April 30, 1777, Brunswick, Principality of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
Died: February 23, 1855, Göttingen, Kingdom of Hanover, German Confederation
Residence: Kingdom of Hanover
Nationality: German
Fields: Mathematics and physics
Institutions: University of Göttingen
Alma mater: Collegium Carolinum, University of Göttingen, University of Helmstedt
Thesis: Demonstratio nova... (1799)
Other academic advisors: Johann Christian Martin Bartels
Doctoral students: Johann Listing, Christian Ludwig Gerling, Richard Dedekind, Bernhard Riemann, Christian Peters, Moritz Cantor
Other notable students: Johann Encke, Christoph Gudermann, Peter Gustav Lejeune Dirichlet, Gotthold Eisenstein, Carl Wolfgang Benjamin Goldschmidt, Gustav Kirchhoff, Ernst Kummer, August Ferdinand Möbius, L. C. Schnürlein, Julius Weisbach, Sophie Germain (correspondent as «Monsieur Le Blanc»)
Known for: See full list
Influenced: Ferdinand Minding
Notable awards: Lalande Prize (1809), Copley Medal (1838)
Spouse: Johanna Osthoff (1805–1809), Minna Waldeck (1810–1831)
Children: Joseph, Wilhelmina, Louis, Eugene, Wilhelm, Therese

About Carl Friedrich Gauss

German mathematician who created Gauss's Law, Gauss's Law for Magnetism, and the process of degaussing, among many other contributions.

Before Fame

He was a child prodigy who had completed the text Disquisitiones Arithmeticae by the time he was twenty-one.


He developed a method to plot the location of planets when he was twenty three.

Family Life

He had three children with his first wife, Johanna Osthoff, and three children with his second wife, Friederica Wilhelmine Waldeck.


Like Hendrik Lorentz, he was a winner of the Copley Medal.

Information related to Carl Friedrich Gauss

  • Carl Friedrich Gauss Category
  • Gaussian elimination - Gaussian elimination, also known as row reduction, is an algorithm in linear algebra for solving a system of linear equations. It is usually understood as a sequence of operations performed on the corresponding matrix of coefficients.
  • Romanticism in science - Romanticism was an intellectual movement that originated in Western Europe as a counter-movement to the late-18th-century Enlightenment. Romanticism incorporated many fields of study, including politics, the arts, and the humanities, but it also greatly influenced 19th-century science.
  • Seconds pendulum - A seconds pendulum is a pendulum whose period is precisely two seconds; one second for a swing in one direction and one second for the return swing, a frequency of 1/2 Hz. A pendulum is a weight suspended from a pivot so that it can swing freely.
  • 18th-century German mathematicians
  • German deists
  • Ceres (dwarf planet)
  • Braunschweig University of Technology alumni
  • Mental calculators
  • Optical physicists
  • Honorary Members of the St Petersburg Academy of Sciences
  • Differential geometers
  • 19th-century German mathematicians
  • Recipients of the Copley Medal
  • Corresponding Members of the St Petersburg Academy of Sciences
  • German astronomers
  • German Lutherans
  • University of Göttingen faculty
  • Number theorists
  • Members of the Bavarian Maximilian Order for Science and Art
  • Recipients of the Pour le Mérite (civil class)
  • German physicists
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Latest information about Carl Friedrich Gauss updated on February 24, 2021.

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