Charles II was king of England, Scotland, and Ireland. He was king of Scotland from 1649 until his deposition in 1651, and king of England, Scotland and Ireland from the 1660 Restoration of the monarchy until his death in 1685. Charles II was the eldest surviving child of Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland and Henrietta Maria of France. After Charles I's execution at Whitehall on 30 January 1649, at the climax of the English Civil War, the Parliament of Scotland proclaimed Charles II king on 5 February 1649. However, England entered the period known as the English Interregnum or the English Commonwealth, and the country was a de facto republic led by Oliver Cromwell. Cromwell defeated Charles II at the Battle of Worcester on 3 September 1651, and Charles fled to mainland Europe. Cromwell became virtual dictator of England, Scotland and Ireland. Charles spent the next nine years in exile in France, the Dutch Republic and the Spanish Netherlands.
|Predecessor:||Charles I (1649)|
|Successor:||James II & VII|
|Coronation:||1 January 1651|
|Born:||29 May 1630, (N.S: 8 June 1630), St James's Palace, London, England|
|Died:||6 February 1685 (aged 54), (N.S: 16 February 1685), Whitehall Palace, London, England|
|Burial:||14 February 1685, Westminster Abbey, London, England|
|Issue, more...:||Illegitimate, James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth, Charlotte FitzRoy, Countess of Yarmouth, Charles FitzCharles, 1st Earl of Plymouth, Catherine FitzCharles, Charles FitzRoy, 2nd Duke of Cleveland, Henry FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Grafton, Charlotte Lee, Countess of Lichfield, George FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Northumberland, Charles Beauclerk, 1st Duke of St Albans, Charles Lennox, 1st Duke of Richmond, Lady Mary Tudor|
|Father:||Charles I of England|
|Mother:||Henrietta Maria of France|
About Charles II of England
Monarch of the three kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland who became king in 1660. After the death of Oliver Cromwell, the monarchy was restored, and he rose to power as king.
Cromwell defeated him at the Battle of Worcester, and he had to flee to mainland Europe.
He passed laws known as the Clarendon Code, which attempted to re-establish the Church of England.
His father, King Charles I, was executed at the end of the English Civil War.
He and Henry VII were both kings of England.
Information related to Charles II of England
- Charles II of England Category
- Dukes of Rothesay
- Dukes of Cornwall
- English pretenders to the French throne
- Princes of England
- Princes of Wales
- High Stewards of Scotland
- Princes of Scotland
- People of the English Civil War
- House of Stuart
- 17th-century English nobility
- Converts to Roman Catholicism from Anglicanism
- Burials at Westminster Abbey